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Genetically modified mosquitoes could eradicate malaria. A seven-year-old female named Jin Yi died in in a zoo in Zhengzhou , China, after showing symptoms of gastroenteritis and respiratory disease. Critical Reviews in Toxicology. Retrieved 24 August Volume 39 In progress November The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline.
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Microbes in panda waste are being investigated for their use in creating biofuels from bamboo and other plant materials. The giant panda is a vulnerable species , threatened by continued habitat loss and habitat fragmentation ,  and by a very low birthrate, both in the wild and in captivity. The giant panda has been a target of poaching by locals since ancient times and by foreigners since it was introduced to the West.
Starting in the s, foreigners were unable to poach giant pandas in China because of the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War , but pandas remained a source of soft furs for the locals. The population boom in China after created stress on the pandas' habitat, and the subsequent famines led to the increased hunting of wildlife, including pandas.
During the Cultural Revolution , all studies and conservation activities on the pandas were stopped. After the Chinese economic reform , demand for panda skins from Hong Kong and Japan led to illegal poaching for the black market , acts generally ignored by the local officials at the time.
Though the Wolong National Nature Reserve was set up by the PRC government in to save the declining panda population, few advances in the conservation of pandas were made, owing to inexperience and insufficient knowledge of ecology. Many believed the best way to save the pandas was to cage them. As a result, pandas were caged at any sign of decline, and suffered from terrible conditions.
Because of pollution and destruction of their natural habitat, along with segregation caused by caging, reproduction of wild pandas was severely limited. In the s, however, several laws including gun control and the removal of resident humans from the reserves helped their chances of survival. With these renewed efforts and improved conservation methods, wild pandas have started to increase in numbers in some areas, though they still are classified as a rare species.
In , scientists reported that the number of pandas living in the wild may have been underestimated at about 1, Previous population surveys had used conventional methods to estimate the size of the wild panda population, but using a new method that analyzes DNA from panda droppings , scientists believe the wild population may be as large as 3, Furthermore, in response to this reclassification, the State Forestry Administration of China announced that they would not accordingly lower the conservation level for panda, and would instead reinforce the conservation efforts.
The giant panda is among the world's most adored and protected rare animals, and is one of the few in the world whose natural inhabitant status was able to gain a UNESCO World Heritage Site designation. The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries , located in the southwest province of Sichuan and covering seven natural reserves, were inscribed onto the World Heritage List in Not all conservationists agree that the money spent on conserving pandas is well spent. Chris Packham has argued that the breeding of pandas in captivity is "pointless" because "there is not enough habitat left to sustain them".
In , Earthwatch Institute , a global nonprofit that teams volunteers with scientists to conduct important environmental research, launched a program called "On the Trail of Giant Panda". This program, based in the Wolong National Nature Reserve, allows volunteers to work up close with pandas cared for in captivity, and help them adapt to life in the wild, so that they may breed, and live longer and healthier lives.
Pandas have been kept in zoos as early as the Western Han Dynasty in China, where the writer Sima Xiangru noted that the panda was the most treasured animal in the emperor's garden of exotic animals in the capital Chang'an present Xi'an. Not until the s were pandas again recorded to have been exhibited in China's zoos. Chi Chi at the London Zoo became very popular.
This influenced the World Wildlife Fund to use a panda as its symbol. A New York Times article  outlined the economics of keeping pandas, which costs five times more than that of the next most expensive animal, an elephant. San Diego's contract with China was to expire in , but got a five-year extension at about half of the previous yearly cost.
Cryptozoologists use Giant Pandas as an example of an animal recently discovered by science. Skeptical cryptozoologist Joe Nickell , notes that since Giant Pandas were known to local people, they qualify as cryptids.
Also, fossil evidence shows that pandas were once widespread, including the two million year old skull of Ailuropoda microta . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Panda disambiguation , Panda Bear musician , and Giant panda disambiguation.
David , . Giant pandas around the world. List of giant pandas. Retrieved 5 September Bulletin des Nouvelles Archives du Muséum. Animals of the rain forest illustrated ed. University of California Press.
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Retrieved 7 August Explicit use of et al. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 8 June Retrieved 28 October Lindsay 20 July Archived from the original on 21 July A comparative analysis of appetite-reward-related genes among mammals".
Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Retrieved 10 August Retrieved 17 November The giant pandas of Wolong. University of Chicago Press. World Wildlife Federation China. Archived from the original on 7 June Retrieved 16 June Retrieved 17 July Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 29 May Retrieved 13 April Archived from the original PDF on 27 May Archived from the original on 7 August Retrieved 14 April Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 24 September Since its inception, musicians, professional athletes, actors and actresses have been featured prominently in the promotion of Diet Pepsi.
In , immediately following Super Bowl XIX , the game's respective quarterbacks, Joe Montana and Dan Marino , met in a hallway of what appeared to be a football stadium. Montana of the winning team, buys Marino a Diet Pepsi, and Marino promises to buy the drink the next time. In the late s, Michael J. Fox appeared in commercials for Diet Pepsi, including a memorable commercial that featured him making a robot clone of himself.
In that commercial, Fox's girlfriend played by Lori Loughlin shows up and accidentally hits Fox with the door, causing him to fall down a chute into the basement. The girlfriend takes the robot clone on a date and leaves the real Fox trapped.
Cindy Crawford was also brought back in to introduce a new packaging design for Diet Pepsi, and again in to promote the revised slogan "Light, crisp, refreshing" with an ad which debuted during Super Bowl XXXIX. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Diet Pepsi The Diet Pepsi logo used from ; present. Retrieved May 18, Retrieved April 21, Archived from the original on April 18, Archived from the original on May 28, Archived from the original on March 24, Archived from the original on April 17, Archived from the original on July 22, Archived from the original PDF on October 11, Retrieved April 29, Archived from the original on December 19, Retrieved December 16, Retrieved 11 September The New York Times.
Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved July 30,