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Asthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications

Acid Reflux (GERD)
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Mold health issues

Sometimes, people may develop severe reactions to mold exposure. Symptoms of severe reactions, which are uncommon, include fever and difficulty breathing. People with compromised immune systems or patients with chronic lung disease can develop serious infections of the lungs due to molds.

It is not possible to predict the degree of severity of the health risks associated with mold in the home. Allergic individuals vary in their degree of susceptibility to mold, and any symptoms and health risks also depend upon the extent and exact type of mold that is present. In guidelines update in , the Institute of Medicine IOM reported there was sufficient evidence to link indoor exposure to mold with upper respiratory tract symptoms, cough, and wheezing in otherwise healthy people, although the report stated that was no evidence that mold causes medical conditions like asthma, bronchitis, or other respiratory conditions.

Mold also worsens asthma symptoms in people who have asthma. Mold was also reported to be linked to hypersensitivity pneumonitis in individuals susceptible to this immunologic condition.

This uncommon disease is similar to pneumonia and can develop in susceptible individuals after brief or prolonged exposure to mold, but there has been no conclusive evidence to prove this relationship. The treatment for allergic reactions to mold is the same as the treatment for allergic reactions in general.

Fungal infections that spread throughout the body that occur in people with weakened immune systems are typically treated in the hospital with special antifungal drugs and other measures to support breathing and circulation.

Treatment of underlying conditions such as asthma is described in the article on asthma and depends on the severity type of symptoms the patient experiences. The best way to prevent mold in the home is the control of moisture. Although it is impossible to eliminate all mold spores in an indoor environment, the mold spores will not grow in the absence of moisture, so controlling moisture is the key to preventing mold growth. Environmental Protection Agency EPA , if visible mold is present on inspection, testing is usually unnecessary.

There are no Environmental Protection Agency or government standards that have been established for mold or mold spore levels, so it is impossible to prove that a building or room complies with any health regulations concerning mold exposure.

Likewise, the CDC does not recommend routine sampling and testing of mold in the home. Health officials haven't defined tolerable or acceptable limits of mold exposure for humans, and since individuals vary in their susceptibility to mold, testing cannot reliably predict the degree of health risks from any occurrence of mold. When mold has previously been identified and cleanup procedures have been undertaken, sampling and testing may be carried out if necessary by qualified professionals to determine that adequate cleaning of a building has occurred.

Mold clean up procedures are somewhat dependent upon the extent of the problem and the type of surface contamination. Large areas of mold in a building may require the services of a professional contractor skilled in mold removal and remediation. Scrub hard surfaces, such as walls, that harbor mold with detergent and water, and these should be dried completely. Discard porous or absorbent materials such as cloth, ceiling tiles, carpets, etc. In some cases, it may be necessary to use a dilute solution of chlorine bleach no stronger than 1 cup of bleach in 1 gallon of water or stronger commercial cleaners to kill and remove the mold.

Be sure to discuss any health problem with a health care professional prior to attempting to remove and clean mold if you have an allergy or are sensitive to molds.

Use rubber gloves when washing with soap and water, but for bleach and harsher cleaning agents, nonporous gloves for example, natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile, polyurethane, or PVC should be worn along with protective eyewear. Wearing an N respirator available at many hardware stores can further limit exposure to airborne mold or spores when cleaning. Avoid touching moldy surfaces with bare hands.

After mold removal, it is important to prevent further regrowth of mold by keeping affected areas as dry as possible. I also agree to receive emails from MedicineNet and I understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet subscriptions at any time. Learn about asthma, a chronic inflammation disorder of the bronchiole tubes. Discover information about asthma attacks, asthma symptoms, and asthma treatments. Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat.

Seasonal allergic rhinitis also called hay fever usually is caused by pollen in the air. Perennial allergic rhinitis is a type of chronic rhinitis and is a year-round problem, often caused by indoor allergens, such as dust, animal dander, and pollens that may exist at the time. Treatment of chronic rhinitis and post nasal drip are dependent upon the type of rhinitis condition. Night sweats are severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat.

The causes of night sweats in most people are not serious, like menopause in women, sleep apnea, medications, alcohol withdrawal, and thyroid problems. However, more serious diseases like cancer and HIV also can cause night sweats.

Your doctor will treat your night sweats depending upon the cause. You may experience other signs and symptoms that are associated with night sweats, which depend upon the cause, but may include, shaking, and chills with a fever caused by an infection like the flu or pneumonia; unexplained weight loss due to lymphoma; women in perimenopause or menopause may also have vaginal dryness, mood swings, and hot flashes during the day; and low blood sugar in people with diabetes.

Other causes of night sweats include medications like NSAIDs aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen Motrin, Advil , and naproxen Aleve, Naprosyn , antidepressants, sildenafil Viagra , and abuse of prescription or illegal drugs and drug withdrawal; hormone disorders like pheochromocytoma and carcinoid syndrome; idiopathic hyperhidrosis; infections like endocarditis, AIDs, and abscesses; alcoholism and alcohol withdrawal; drug abuse, addiction, and withdrawal; and stroke.

A doctor or other health care professional can treat your night sweats after the cause has been diagnosed. Readers Comments 70 Share Your Story. Mold Exposure Treatment What is the treatment for allergic reactions to indoor allergens?

Where does mold grow in homes? Readers Comments 17 Share Your Story. What kind of mold grows on food? Take the Asthma Quiz! Asthma Myths and Facts. What are the health risks of mold exposure?

What are symptoms and signs of mold allergy? What is the treatment for mold exposure? Is it possible to prevent mold in the household? Is it necessary to test for mold? How should people clean up and eliminate mold? Readers Comments 4 Share Your Story. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

United States Department of Agriculture. Asthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications. Post Mold - Cleaning Up Do you have any tips for cleaning up or eliminating mold? Post View 4 Comments. Complete List Top Mold Exposure Related Articles Know Your Allergy Triggers Allergies are an overreaction of the immune system where the body's defenses react to substances such as pollen, food and more.

Learn about common allergy triggers and how you can avoid an allergy attack. Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms. An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. When these allergens come in contact with the body, it causes the immune system to develop an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to it.

It is estimated that 50 million North Americans are affected by allergic conditions. The parts of the body that are prone to react to allergies include the eyes, nose, lungs, skin, and stomach. Common allergic disorders include hay fever, asthma, allergic eyes, allergic eczema, hives, and allergic shock.

Allergy shots are given to increase your tolerance to allergens that cause allergy symptoms. At the beginning, allergy shots will be administered once or twice a week for several months. The dose is increased each time until a maintenance dose is reached.

Side effects of allergy shots include itchy eyes, shortness of breath, runny nose, tight throat, redness, swelling, and irritation. Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter OTC medications to treat their asthma symptoms. OTC asthma medicines are limited to epinephrine and ephedrine.

These OTC drugs are best used with the guidance of a physician, as there may be side effects and the drugs may not be very effective. Chronic cough treatment is based on the cause, but may be soothed natural and home remedies. Hay fever allergic rhinitis is an irritation of the nose caused by pollen and is associated with the following allergic symptoms: In addition to medications, the following lifestyle modifications below are recommended:.

The most common symptoms in children and infants are repeated vomiting, coughing, and other respiratory problems. Acid reflux usually feels like a painful or burning sensation in your stomach, upper abdomen behind the breastbone, esophagus, and even up into your throat.

You may have the feeling of a hot, acidic, or sour tasting fluid at the back of the throat or a sore throat. It may feel like it's difficult to swallow or feel a tightness in the throat when you have heartburn, and it may feel as if food is stuck in your throat or esophagus. You may have chest pain when lying down, bending over, or after eating. See your doctor for any undiagnosed chest pain — do not assume you are experiencing heartburn until a doctor diagnoses it.

When Should I See One? Although many people can relieve their reflux disease symptoms by changes in their habits, diet, and lifestyle, others need to consult their health-care professional. You can start with your family or general practitioner primary care provider. You may be referred to a gastroenterologist, a specialist in disorders of the gastrointestinal GI tract. If your symptoms are severe and require surgery, you will be referred to a general surgeon.

Certain diagnostic tests for GERD are done by a radiologist. If you have any of the following, go immediately to the emergency department where you will be seen by an emergency medical specialist:. The gastroenterologist may perform an upper GI endoscopy, also called esophagogastroduodenoscopy or EGD , a procedure that can be done as an outpatient.

Esophageal manometry is a test that measures the function of the lower esophageal sphincter and the motor function of the esophagus. A tube is passed down your throat until it reaches the esophagus. It is often performed along with hour pH probe study. In a hour pH probe study, a thin tube is placed down into your esophagus for 24 hours. The tube monitors episodes of acid reflux over the day and while you sleep.

For some people, acid reflux symptoms may be relieved by changing habits, diet, and lifestyle. The following steps may reduce reflux. Talk to your health-care professional if you need tips on losing weight or quitting smoking. Is There a Diet for Acid Reflux? The diet for acid reflux GERD is one of elimination. People with GERD should avoid the following foods that may aggravate acid reflux.

In addition, being overweight can aggravate symptoms of acid reflux. Losing even 5 or 10 pounds may help relieve some of your GERD symptoms. Talk to your doctor about a diet plan to help you lose weight.

What Foods Aggravate Acid Reflux? Certain foods may stimulate the production of stomach acid and may irritate the esophagus. Common foods that may cause heartburn include:. Different people have different triggers. Your doctor may suggest you keep a food journal to find out what aggravates your acid reflux symptoms. Over-the-counter medications also may help relieve your symptoms.

Check with your health-care professional before trying any of these. Antacids Gaviscon, Maalox, Mylanta, and Tums: These are effective when taken 1 hour after meals and at bedtime because they neutralize acid already present.

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