Exercise Tips - Physical Education - Fitness

Knowledge Base


Cross Fit incorporates elements from high-intensity interval training, Olympic weightlifting, plyometrics, powerlifting, gymnastics, girevoy sport, calisthenics, strongman, and other exercises. I too would like to know how much of the body needs to be submerged and brought to degrees? Excess polysaccharides are stored in the liver and muscles. The event was the tony Parliament of Religions…. Quantum mechanics is built in to all organic chemistry and biochemistry equations, but we remain unaware of how the effects of quantum biology alters proteins, their bonds and their atoms when extreme situations exist. The invention of electronic computers in the s, along with the development of mathematical information theory , led to a realization that brains can potentially be understood as information processing systems. So if you eat walnuts, and those walnuts lower high cholesterol which they do , the FDA declares your walnuts to be "drugs.

Blog Archive


That is, many conditions in the brain and elsewhere are due to accelerated deterioration. And drugs, by implication, are given out much too promiscuously. Andreasen had told us that she had moved her focus to creativity, but it is clear that she still has a hand in the schizophrenia game.

Airport screeners may miss target items when they are surrounded by other very similar items. As well, they also easily miss targets with slight variances from what they have in mind: Sadly, the site does not provide information on current research nor on how a lay person should evaluate the several medications being ladled out rather freely for such problems.

More restraint in their use seems to be indicated. Born Dualists Yale has many Blooms, but not many Roses. Paul Bloom is a Yale cognitive psychologist who believes that we come into this world making with a epistemological structure that distinguishes between body and soul from the get-go.

Even if, in his own belief, they are just a continuum, not separate and alien parts of the human make-up. Says Bloom in Edge:. In the domain of bodies, most of us accept that common sense is wrong.

We concede that apparently solid objects are actually mostly empty space, consisting of tiny particles and fields of energy. Perhaps the same sort of reconciliation will happen in the domain of souls, and it will come to be broadly recognized that our dualist belief system, though intuitively appealing, is factually mistaken. But I am skeptical. The notion that our souls are flesh is profoundly troubling to many, as it clashes with religion.

Dualism and religion are not the same: You can be dualist without holding any other religious beliefs, and you can hold religious beliefs without being dualist. But they almost always go together. And some very popular religious views rest on a dualist foundation, such as the belief that people survive the destruction of their bodies.

If you give up on dualism, this is what you lose. The Anti-Depressants Not one peer-reviewed article really can link serotonin deficiency to any mental disorder. When you witness the hit and miss ways pharma-psychiatrists administer these drugs, you become aware that we are plagued with questions about drug effectiveness, side effects, and long term impact. Xia Zhang at the University of Saskatchewan notes, however, that more research would be needed to see whether it could someday be used to treat depression in human beings.

See SFN release on marijuana-like compounds , October 26, Nicotine may, in some instance, improve memory and counter certain diseases. In some experiments with rats, those treated with nicotine perform better on certain functions than a control group.

His research established that hormones secreted from the brain's pituitary gland promote growth. Walter Dandy, who succeeded Cushing, figured out in that air could be used to enable X-rays of the brain.

His technique remained the best way to see into the skull to identify brain tumors and other problems until the invention of computer aided tomography CAT in Another 78 Hopkins faculty have secondary or joint appointments in neuroscience, including two dozen or so whose primary appointments are in the departments of Neurology, Neurosurgery or Psychiatry.

In the Department of Neurology, there are roughly 75 primary faculty, in the Department of Neurosurgery, The Department of Psychiatry, founded almost years ago, boasts full-time faculty with primary appointments. Participants conduct simple mathematical calculations and read aloud passages from novels—activities that stimulate their frontal cortex and can prevent dementia. There are several efforts to test the efficacy of such elder age projects. Many people from ARF have moved over to this new endeavor.

Somehow it seems ironic to read about a Schizophrenia social at a recent meeting of the Society for Neuroscience in Washington, but, one when gets over chuckling, one can only rejoice that this young group has a clear sense of community that will serve as a catalyst for the researchers it is abetting. We are looking forward to getting on top of schizophrenia research trends. The researchers knew this because they had introduced a radioactive tracer that selectively binds to the same type of receptor in the brain, the mu-opioid variety, as the endorphins.

More of the tracer was floating around unbound, suggesting the receptor sites were occupied by the endorphins. Mrazek, chairman of psychiatry at Mayo. Gualberto Ruaho, president of Genomas , a company working on genetic tests for drug use. Some users of Paxil, for instance, have not been able to metabolize the drug satisfactorily, leading to toxic and sometimes fatal results. Mrazek of the Mayo Clinic said he used the tests to help choose antidepressants, particularly for children.

There has been concern that some children can turn suicidal or aggressive on antidepressants…. Few offer such genetic tests though the pharmacogenomics laboratory at the University of Louisville performed to in the last year. We propose a research strategy to achieve this goal, and discuss its potential impact. The effects of developmental variations or abnormalities, traumatic brain injury, or neurodegenerative disease can all be captured as specific structural variants of the human connectome.

As a physician and scientist, he had minutely researched the mechanical aspects of running and developed training procedures built around his knowledge of the body. Read about his training methods at Nevada Track Stats. On the fiftieth anniversary of his run, the BBC asked him if the victory was the most significant event of his life. He withdrew from private practice and limited himself to research after a serious auto accident which also ended his running.

This was in , the year in which Queen Elizabeth knighted him. His other books include Fair Play. Psychiatry and the Auto-Immune System Serguei Fetissov of the Karolinska Institute in Sweden has tied the auto-immune system to anorexia nervosa and bulimia. There is the suspicion that a host of mental disorders can arise from autoantibodies, which have gone astray and attacked human tissue. Of course, it has become awfully popular to blame a host of ailments on wayward immunity systems, another trend that is a bit overdone.

Fetissov suggests that melanocortins that carry messages between nerve cells in the brain suffer from the assault. Such fits can currently be controlled only by drugs. And, once bursting is suppressed this way, the neurons revert rapidly to normal behaviour. See The Economist , February 5, , p. All sorts of electro-simulative therapies are gaining currency. Toys to Diagnose Autism? In particular autistic children will gaze quite differently at robots than normal children.

Robots for Stroke Victims MIT scientists have created a group of machines that help stroke victims regain mobility by retraining limbs and stimulating brain activity.

Professors Hogan and Krebs first introduced a machine in to help arm and shoulder movement. Interactive Motion Technologies Inc. See the Wall Street Journal , August 21, , p. Asthma and Stress Richard J. Subjects under stress demonstrated greater inflammation when inhaling allergens; brain scans suggest the stimulus may come from a specific part of the brain.

See the New York Times , September 6, , p. T he Brain Marches on Two genes linked to brain size have evolved substantially over the last 60, years. The finding is discussed by Bruce T. Lahn of the University of Chicago in Science. Apparently the report on these genes microcephalin and ASPM , known as alleles, also implies that their development has led to increased brain function, a claim generating much controversy.

In fact, it is not entirely clear that the genes relate either to brain size or cognitive function, and there may be other genes related to size in certain populations lacking these particular genes. See the New York Times , September 9, , p. Seeing, Hearing, and Smelling the World The Howard Hughes Medical Institute has cleverly put a simple little primer about the senses on its website www. Other foundations and government agencies should take note, particularly those involved with neuroscience.

This is an outstanding way to bring an out-of-the-way institution to the notice of the general public. See Biospectral Index technology at www.

We are not entirely clear how well the Society for Neuroscience, created in to knit together neurologists in the States, meshes its activities with the global body. Spices and Rotten Odors Kensaku Mori and colleagues at the University of Tokyo have deciphered how spices cover up the smell of spoiled foods with neural help from the brain.

Apparently both the rotten foods and the spices activate the same olfactory bulb—at least amongst the rats with which they experimented. The average human nose can detect nearly 10, distinct scents, a feat that requires about 1, olfactory genes, or roughly 3 per cent of the human genome. If that works, they plan to use future, more powerful computers to link such simulated columns together into something that mimics a brain.

Pierce Laboratory, and University of Dresden … got 11 volunteers to lie inside magnetic brain scanners with separate straws leading to the fronts of their noses … and the back above the palate. Dana Small of the Yale team said it suggested that the brain changed smell perceptions based on eating…. See the New York Times , August 23, , p. See The Economist , July 30, , p. Of course, now the thesis has to be proven.

H eart and Mind The things you do to avoid heart disease and cancer also help keep your brain in high gear. Her nostrums include eating right, staying socially connected, and keeping mentally active: The close interrelationship between the two suggests that brain mood can strongly affect digestion, and, in turn, the digestive process has side effects in brain process.

Langley, a British physician who believed that it was one of three parts … of the automatic nervous system, which controls involuntary behaviors like breathing and circulation. Gershon revived his thinking and was widely mocked at first. To learn about Langley and receptors, see www. In this case, it is too much serotonin rather than too little. Centralization in computerdom not only creates overload but it makes the system very vulnerable to attacks from outside agents.

Essays in Cognitive Psychology. Basically data unconsciously imprinted on the brain at some point can make a scene or experience seem very familiar at a later date, even if one has not really encountered the scene or experience before. McGregor styles the title of the hourlong production he has made for his Random Dance, a resident troupe at Sadlers Wells.

McGregor and a handful of neuroscientists from the department of experimental psychology at Cambridge University. To learn about Ataxia, see www. A Drink a Day A study shows that a drink or day or less helps prevent cognitive decline in women. Moderate drinkers fared better than heavy drinkers, or those who did not drink at all. See the Wall Street Journal , January 20, , p. The nurses had been tracked for a number of health issues since , though this particular study ran from with a follow-up two years later.

BPA plastics are widely used in a variety of drinking liquid containers, some 6 billion pounds of BPA produced annually. For further details on the research, see http: In this particular study, those who were brain damaged demonstrated an absence of fear, avoiding the risk averse behavior shown by the normal range of human beings Wall Street Journal , July 21, , pg.

This article expands on the growing body of theory in behavioral economics and neuroeconomics. Previously, in other risk and decision studies, psychologists have revealed that we tend to use different parts of our brain for near-term and long-term decisions, with emotion often coming more into play for matters involving some immediacy.

Of course, we always knew that bankers, hedge fund operators, and actuaries had too much ice water in their veins. All this seems to have been put together by an aggressive attorney at something called the Brain Injury Law Office. You can learn more about Attorney Johnson and his sites at http: His glossary of terms is helpful to an initiate www.

For more Brain-Made-Simple type information, see http: We will feel fear, for instance, when we sense it in others, because of our empathy cells. This further raises the question of where one can feel and anticipate what others are thinking about. However, scientists in the Bay Area have an opposing view of how such diseases came about.

Askkenazi in the West e. Jews historically have been driven into high intelligence occupations, and they have suffered from inbreeding. Hormone Bolsters Trust Scientists have long known that oxytocin, present in the body during childbirth and lactation, creates close feelings and mating among sundry mammals.

Ernest Fehr, an economist at the University of Zurich and lead author on a paper from a research team there, thinks the hormone may help those who are pathologically distrustful. Using students, the researchers tested the inclination to make investments in an experimental game. Those inhaling oxytocin, on average, invested 17 percent more than those in a placebo group, and 45 percent of the inhalers invested all their money, as opposed to 21 percent in the control group.

The practical implications in terms of future treatments is still unclear. See the New York Times , June 2, ; http: The drug, D-cycloserine, an antibiotic, does nothing to soothe panic or calm nerves. Instead, it increases learning and memory, and may help people overcome their fears faster….

D-cycloserine is known to act on these receptors…. See the New York Times , March 22, , p. See Fortune Small Business , May , p. More on Nerve Regeneration Though all our biology tests say nerves cannot be regenerated, we keep finding examples to the contrary. Now the Schepens Eye Research Institute www. Next, it wants to see how much vision was restored as a consequence. See Business Week , March 21, , p. That word is … stop.

Dail and Robert W. The brain apparently requires a consolidation period to fasten connections between neurons in the brain where the exercise pattern becomes implanted. Mental Health Portal This portal of the National Institutes of Health provides numerous links to mental health resources as well as posting current bits of news in the mental health field www.

You do have to know what you are looking for, though, because it is just a collection, and it does not highlight more significant developments.

All About Autism In our Letters section, we review the state of our knowledge about autism. Despite all the shouting, we still know extremely little about it. Further, we suspect the scientific community is not looking hard enough for the environmental factors that probably lie behind the surge in cases amongst newborns. The authors suggest using rather concrete biological instead of behavioral criteria for autism.

This suggests that there is something deficient in language perception. The Many Fathers of Neoroscience Just like good ideas, and the earthly children of the gods, neuroscience can claim a host of fathers, with nobody having an absolute claim on its paternity. We will cast our votes for a couple of fellows here. He did considerable work with cholera, tetanus, and diphtheria, was a philosopher, and a poet as well. He won the Nobel Prize in http: But we could easily choose Santiago Ramon y Cajal.

Starting off in artistic directions, he eventually made his way into science. Using and improving on a silver nitrate staining technique from the Italian Golgi, he did conclusive studies in Barcelona that led to his definitive proof of neuron theory in Cajal and Golgi shared the Nobel Prize in Like Sherrington, he made a multitude of contributions to the field.

It is impressive that Sherrington and Cajal made so many discoveries in neuroscience but that their interests and contributions ranged well beyond neuroscience. Generalists seem to outdo specialists at every turn. See the Wall Street Journal , March 29, , pp. Increasingly, mental disability is becoming cultural grist for writers, dramatists, and others in the arts. Tony Shalhoub, the taxi driver in the show about Nantucket called Wings, which is now in rerun, has starred for several seasons in a very successful TV series featuring an insightful detective named Monk with obsessive compulsive behavior.

Neurological disorders are slowly moving to center stage in our society. R ewiring the Body Business Week March 7, , pp. Alan Brown at Columbia University is probing the connections between flu in pregnancy and subsequent schizophrenic offspring. Ian Lipkin and Norwegian researchers are looking at the relationship between viruses and autism, as well as looking for other autism causes.

The use of botox botulinum toxin has temporarily frozen muscle groups associated with tics, the effect lasting several months. Electrodes for Depression Deep-brain stimulation is also being used in other settings. Toronto Western Hospital in Canada has a pilot study going.

The work is based on the discovery by Dr. Of the million people worldwide taken to be depression afflicted, a quarter, give or take, do not respond to any treatment, the electrode and battery implant being a godsend.

See The Economist , March 5, , pp. Also see Neuron, www. In some children, OCD waxes and wanes with the onset or departure of strep infections. The term Pandas was coined by Dr. We have previously noted that there is a small but vocal fraternity that believes there is a direct connection between physical illnesses of various sorts and such disorders as autism and obsessive compulsive disorder in items and in the original entry above. We ourselves believe there is much to be gained by much more research on the part bacterial and viral infections and environmental influences play in a host of conditions.

This line of thinking is slipping into the mainstream with the New York Times Magazine May 22, , pp. Swedo at the National Institute of Mental Health whom we mentioned previously.

In general researchers are pretty well defended against theses that promote infectious or chemical bases of OCD and other conditions. So far the biggest impetus for a broader national effort on autism has come from grassroots initiatives on the part of affected parents and relatives.

Learn more about the autism specials in these webpages: Ashley Bush of Australia has pursued that line of investigation. See more on Bush on Brain Stem. A fairly reasonable article on the debate can be found in the Seattle Times at www. Usually those who connect up autism with mercury believe the problem arises in vaccinations, especially spray type vaccines www0.

Mainstream thinking generally is scornful of any linkage between mercury, metals, etc. By and large, most research is pursuing a genetic basis for both conditions, and yet that does not seem to offer a good enough explanation of the rising incidence of these diseases.

The chemical basis of many neurological conditions probably deserves greater funding and focus. Unfortunately neurological investigators generally lack any real grounding in biochemistry. For more on the connection between vaccines and autism, see Stitch in Time. In her thirties she began to find that her mind was just not clicking in the same way. Just before she turned 45, she realized that she had forgotten the title of a film plus more that she had just seen with her husband.

She went to see Dr. Enrolling in a study he was doing, she found out that she had average memory impairment for her age. After tests for deterioration and various attempts to sharpen the memory, she discovered in fact that her loss was not so much due to brain degeneration but to brain damage suffered much earlier in life. Talking with her brother, she uncovered a number of early whacks she took on the head that probably accounted for her later impairment.

It is more common than is realized for early concussive effects to show up in later brain impairment, so, signally, much breakdown we attribute to age is actually due to events that occurred much earlier in life.

Adderall immediately brought new focus to her brain, but found that it simultaneously dulled some aspects of life, taking away some of the mental twists and turns she commonly enjoyed. C holine Choline, a vitamin B-like compound, is found to be a critical ingredient in embryonic brain development. In high demand by the fetus during pregnancy, the mother may not have adequate supplies during that stage. To this end, eggs, meat, milk are critical diet elements for pregnant women.

It helps form a neurotransmitter as well as aiding in critical brain cell subdivision. Choline, along with folic acid, therefore, plays a key role in avoiding birth defects. Your Brain and the Neuroscience of Everyday Life.

From a review in The Guardian , May 15, One joint study involves Kronos Science Laboratories www. The joint study will examine blood and brain tissue from 1, known to have had the disease, comparing results to 1, who have not had disease.

Focus on Brain Growth and Inflammation At an autism summit held in Malibu under auspices of Cure Autism Now Foundation, sundry neuroscientists claimed a more coherent picture of autism development is now emerging. Infants and toddlers move their bodies differently. From 6 months to 2 years, their heads grow much too fast. Parts of their brain have too many connections, while other parts are underconnected….

Moreover, their brains show signs of chronic inflammation in the same areas that show excessive growth. The inflammation appears to last a lifetime. By 2 years, excessive white matter is found in the frontal lobes, the cerebellum and association areas, where higher-order processing occurs. In large part, the circuitry is just not working right, with local areas over-connected, and long-range networks under-connected.

A utism and Allergies Kaiser Permanente research looking at data on 88, children show mothers suffering from asthma, allergies, or certain types of skin disease notably psoriasis have a higher risk of giving birth to an autistic child.

The study, published in the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, wonders if there is common genetic basis for allergy and autism which would explain the linkage. In summer , it is expected to sell the first of five versions. Reputedly it will also publish research documenting results in early See Fortune Small Business , Dec. First, he finds himself infatuated with the amygdala, not because it is the seat of fear and emotion named after the Greek word for almond, but simply because he likes the ring of the word.

He is taken, too, with the idea of earworms which are tunes that lodge themselves in our heads and play over and over again: But it can also harm the ability to hear and produce melody. He wonders if they both do not stem from lesions in some common part of the brain. Yet you can have one complaint without the other—good in speech and horrible in music, good in music and defective in speech.

The amygdala has nothing to do with aphasia or amusia, but his very fixation with the word reminds him humorously of the tangled web many lesion sufferers weave with words and music. De-plaquing When amyloid beta peptide plaque was removed from the brains of mice, nerve cells lost their swelling and regained their normal structure.

Gene-Jack Wang is using positron-emissions tomography to study over-eaters. There is sundry research afoot to see if various drugs can turn off brain centers that support appetite. Lawyers are following the research, aware that the trail of data may create culpability for food companies if certain ingredients like fat and sugar are found to stimulate neural processes that lead to excessive appetite. Forbes , January 10, , pp. See The Economist , December 4, , pp.

The lingo of this trade has always and still is subject to such imprecision that different practitioners commonly, throughout the 20 th century, have rendered different diagnoses at the same time when looking at one patient, or when looking at a group of patients with roughly the same symptoms. The DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders came along in , but only when Robert Spitzer out of Columbia took over as its director did this volume achieve any rigor or wide respect.

Nonetheless, Spitzer by what he wrote and by what he rejected deeply shaped the psychiatric field during the latter half of the 20th century. When he took on the DSM, nobody wanted the job. Spitzer brought a little commonsense to disease nomenclature, which is an achievement in itself when you consider that several of the chieftains in this trade are impractical, fuzzy headed, and even a little mad.

Neurons at the Wheel Rat neurons on top of a multi-electrode array have been hooked up to a desktop computer and a flight simulator to control vertical and horizontal movements of the simulated aircraft. This is an outgrowth of work done on the Animat project with Steve Potter www.

For more on Animat, see www. A leading company in the field is Memory Phamaceuticals, headed by Nobel prize winner Eric Kandel, who has long studied memory and learning with the help of Aplysia, a big sea slug whose neurons are easy to study. His company, as well as Helicon Therapeutics, is working on compounds that makes neural pathways work better.

Marc Caron and Dr. High levels of serontin lead to better moods, and often, lower production is associated with sour moods and depression. However, we always urge researchers to carefully scrutinize results coming out of the Duke facility.

If the results hold up, this gene TPH2 difficulty may explain why certain patients with depression symptoms do not respond to drug treatment, since there seems to be a correlation between those with this particular defect and those for whom serontin-inducers are ineffective.

See also the Wall Street Journal , December 10, , p. Brain Scans Gone Crazy We have already cited numerous studies based on brain scans—functional magnetic-resonance imaging.

And when viewing the opposition, all had increased blood flow in the region where humans consciously assert control over emotions…. B1 reports that brain scans employing functional magnetic resonance imaging reveal that monks with a history of intense meditation over 10, hours show much higher rates of high-frequency brain activity.

T he Biology of Autism Dr. Marcel Just of Carnegie Mellon and Dr. Just posits that there is less connectivity in the brains of autistic persons. See The Economist , August 7, , p.

The article cited is in the August issue of Brain see www. The Stylish Neurologist The very well decked out Dr. Clearly the sight of her puts more bounce in the step of patient and doctor alike. When you go up to visit the medicine men in Boston, we recommend a trip along Newbury Street in any event—to get away from it all. Chances are you will meet some doctors of all trades similarly escaping from the studied seriousness that afflicts Boston.

Boston Scientific, big in the drug-coated stent business and in other aspects of cardiology, has already paid up for a chunk of the company. See Business Week , October 2, , p. Loosely the whole site deals with artificial intelligence and various efforts to look at intelligence and to simulate consciousness.

We particularly enjoyed the section on How to Build a Brain. Probably the way to survey the articles here is to look at the author listing at www. Chudler has taken several days off from brain research and other weighty endeavors to construct a page of jokes and other amusing stuff for kids. You will want to learn, for instance, what the right hemisphere of the brain said to the left when they could not agree on anything.

Autism Website for Parents One of our readers, the parent of an autistic child, has found two websites quite useful. First, the Autism Research Institute at www. Trials in rats, as well as come in human beings, have sometimes resulted in improvement.

We had previously commented on this in Item To be sure, this is still a primitive field in which you have to be chary of the practitioners: Apparently Gerry Zaltman of Harvard got the neuro-ball rolling towards the end of the 20th century. Brighthouse Neurostrategies Group in Atlanta ran with it, looking at consumer preferences in conjunction with Emory University, but not dealing with specific products or advertising tactics. The surging incidence of autism in America baffles the medical establishment.

The causes are not well understood. The condition stems from neurological abnormalities in the brain, which show up as cognitive and sensory disorders in a child. Something as basic as forced eye contact or the presence of strangers can trigger sensory overload.

Auditory processing deficiencies mean the child may have trouble understanding even the purpose of speech. Thinking in Pictures , by Temple Grandin Vintage, , is an autism classic. This delightful, insightful book does not provide all the answers to the mysteries of autism. Rather, the autistic author illuminates the mind, behavior and outlook on the world of the autistic.

Oliver Sacks writes in his elegant foreword: Grandin is a world-famous expert on cattle psychology and behavior. A third of all cattle and hogs in the U. Grandin deploys superior visual spatial skills, which she describes as resembling a video library or computer graphics program in her imagination and memory many autistics have heightened visual abilities for reasons not well understood.

A change in a daily routine can cause an autistic person to have a tantrum…I have often observed that the senses of some people with autism resemble the acute senses of animals. The book provides many insights into animal behavior. Indeed, Grandin seems more comfortable with her animal friends than with homo sapiens. Teaching a person with autism the social graces is like coaching an actor for a play.

Every step has to be planned…. When people are responding to each other with emotion rather than intellect, I need to have long discussions with friends who can serve as translators. There appear to be genetic links between autism and the depression, anxiety disorder and schizophrenia often found in artists, poets, and creative writers.

The results were published in the May issue of the Archives of Neurology. Other small collateral studies have reached the same conclusion. Apparently, it is thought, reduced use of insulin present in the brain leads to the same plaque build-up often found in brains of.

His results were published in The Archives of Neurology in Read about Wolozin and his work on sundry brain diseases at www. The thought is that excess cholesterol, high blood pressure, etc. According to this idea, the disease is caused by the accumulation of sticky plaques made of beta-amyloid. Yet rat brains injected with beta-amyloid, Dr. However, scientists with alternate theories are having a hard time getting published in prestige journals such as Science or Nature. We ourselves know of one significant researcher who has been turned down on 11 grants over the last year.

Of course, this is not the first time dominant, wrong-headed theories have impeded promising research, but it is useful to note that our highly centralized funding processes, subject as they are to narrow ideologues, are significantly flawed, not always distributing funds to the best advantage. He died on September 26, at age 54, probably from love.

Of course, this bacterium is very common, so the link may prove tenuous. See The Economist , March 20, , pp. Roughly, he thinks plaque and the metals interact to produce brain deterioration. Now a firm called Prana is trying to commercialize his ideas, believing it has a drug in development that will go right to the heart of the disease. Since we believe researchers are generally chasing down blind alleys in their pursuit of the causes and cure of the disease, we are fascinated with these developments down under.

The Aussies discovered the cause of ulcers while researchers in the U. So far this work has reversed the disease in mice: Once neurons have positioned themselves, their axons sprout and navigate through the brain, branching and extending as they go, until the tips reach their targets and form synaptic connections.

In a number of parts of the nervous system, neurons and synapses are produced in excessive numbers during the early stages, and then the unneeded ones are pruned away. For vertebrates, the early stages of neural development are similar across all species.

The neural plate folds inward to form the neural groove , and then the lips that line the groove merge to enclose the neural tube , a hollow cord of cells with a fluid-filled ventricle at the center.

At the front end, the ventricles and cord swell to form three vesicles that are the precursors of the forebrain , midbrain , and hindbrain. At the next stage, the forebrain splits into two vesicles called the telencephalon which will contain the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, and related structures and the diencephalon which will contain the thalamus and hypothalamus.

At about the same time, the hindbrain splits into the metencephalon which will contain the cerebellum and pons and the myelencephalon which will contain the medulla oblongata. Each of these areas contains proliferative zones where neurons and glial cells are generated; the resulting cells then migrate, sometimes for long distances, to their final positions.

Once a neuron is in place, it extends dendrites and an axon into the area around it. Axons, because they commonly extend a great distance from the cell body and need to reach specific targets, grow in a particularly complex way.

The tip of a growing axon consists of a blob of protoplasm called a growth cone , studded with chemical receptors. These receptors sense the local environment, causing the growth cone to be attracted or repelled by various cellular elements, and thus to be pulled in a particular direction at each point along its path. The result of this pathfinding process is that the growth cone navigates through the brain until it reaches its destination area, where other chemical cues cause it to begin generating synapses.

Considering the entire brain, thousands of genes create products that influence axonal pathfinding. The synaptic network that finally emerges is only partly determined by genes, though. In many parts of the brain, axons initially "overgrow", and then are "pruned" by mechanisms that depend on neural activity. In the first stages of development, each axon from the retina is guided to the right general vicinity in the midbrain by chemical cues, but then branches very profusely and makes initial contact with a wide swath of midbrain neurons.

The retina, before birth, contains special mechanisms that cause it to generate waves of activity that originate spontaneously at a random point and then propagate slowly across the retinal layer. These waves are useful because they cause neighboring neurons to be active at the same time; that is, they produce a neural activity pattern that contains information about the spatial arrangement of the neurons.

This information is exploited in the midbrain by a mechanism that causes synapses to weaken, and eventually vanish, if activity in an axon is not followed by activity of the target cell. The result of this sophisticated process is a gradual tuning and tightening of the map, leaving it finally in its precise adult form. Similar things happen in other brain areas: In some cases, as with the retina-midbrain system, activity patterns depend on mechanisms that operate only in the developing brain, and apparently exist solely to guide development.

In humans and many other mammals, new neurons are created mainly before birth, and the infant brain contains substantially more neurons than the adult brain.

The two areas for which adult neurogenesis is well established are the olfactory bulb, which is involved in the sense of smell, and the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, where there is evidence that the new neurons play a role in storing newly acquired memories. With these exceptions, however, the set of neurons that is present in early childhood is the set that is present for life. Glial cells are different: There has long been debate about whether the qualities of mind , personality, and intelligence can be attributed to heredity or to upbringing—this is the nature and nurture controversy.

Genes determine the general form of the brain, and genes determine how the brain reacts to experience. Experience, however, is required to refine the matrix of synaptic connections, which in its developed form contains far more information than the genome does. In some respects, all that matters is the presence or absence of experience during critical periods of development. The functions of the brain depend on the ability of neurons to transmit electrochemical signals to other cells, and their ability to respond appropriately to electrochemical signals received from other cells.

The electrical properties of neurons are controlled by a wide variety of biochemical and metabolic processes, most notably the interactions between neurotransmitters and receptors that take place at synapses. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that are released at synapses when an action potential activates them—neurotransmitters attach themselves to receptor molecules on the membrane of the synapse's target cell, and thereby alter the electrical or chemical properties of the receptor molecules.

With few exceptions, each neuron in the brain releases the same chemical neurotransmitter, or combination of neurotransmitters, at all the synaptic connections it makes with other neurons; this rule is known as Dale's principle. The great majority of psychoactive drugs exert their effects by altering specific neurotransmitter systems.

This applies to drugs such as cannabinoids , nicotine , heroin, cocaine , alcohol, fluoxetine , chlorpromazine , and many others. The two neurotransmitters that are used most widely in the vertebrate brain are glutamate , which almost always exerts excitatory effects on target neurons, and gamma-aminobutyric acid GABA , which is almost always inhibitory. Neurons using these transmitters can be found in nearly every part of the brain. Some general anesthetics act by reducing the effects of glutamate; most tranquilizers exert their sedative effects by enhancing the effects of GABA.

There are dozens of other chemical neurotransmitters that are used in more limited areas of the brain, often areas dedicated to a particular function. Serotonin , for example—the primary target of antidepressant drugs and many dietary aids—comes exclusively from a small brainstem area called the raphe nuclei. As a side effect of the electrochemical processes used by neurons for signaling, brain tissue generates electric fields when it is active.

When large numbers of neurons show synchronized activity, the electric fields that they generate can be large enough to detect outside the skull, using electroencephalography EEG [71] or magnetoencephalography MEG. EEG recordings, along with recordings made from electrodes implanted inside the brains of animals such as rats, show that the brain of a living animal is constantly active, even during sleep.

In mammals, the cerebral cortex tends to show large slow delta waves during sleep, faster alpha waves when the animal is awake but inattentive, and chaotic-looking irregular activity when the animal is actively engaged in a task.

During an epileptic seizure , the brain's inhibitory control mechanisms fail to function and electrical activity rises to pathological levels, producing EEG traces that show large wave and spike patterns not seen in a healthy brain. Relating these population-level patterns to the computational functions of individual neurons is a major focus of current research in neurophysiology.

All vertebrates have a blood—brain barrier that allows metabolism inside the brain to operate differently from metabolism in other parts of the body. Glial cells play a major role in brain metabolism by controlling the chemical composition of the fluid that surrounds neurons, including levels of ions and nutrients. Brain tissue consumes a large amount of energy in proportion to its volume, so large brains place severe metabolic demands on animals.

The need to limit body weight in order, for example, to fly, has apparently led to selection for a reduction of brain size in some species, such as bats. Information from the sense organs is collected in the brain. There it is used to determine what actions the organism is to take. The brain processes the raw data to extract information about the structure of the environment.

Next it combines the processed information with information about the current needs of the animal and with memory of past circumstances. Finally, on the basis of the results, it generates motor response patterns.

These signal-processing tasks require intricate interplay between a variety of functional subsystems. The function of the brain is to provide coherent control over the actions of an animal.

A centralized brain allows groups of muscles to be co-activated in complex patterns; it also allows stimuli impinging on one part of the body to evoke responses in other parts, and it can prevent different parts of the body from acting at cross-purposes to each other.

The human brain is provided with information about light, sound, the chemical composition of the atmosphere, temperature, head orientation, limb position, the chemical composition of the bloodstream, and more.

In other animals additional senses are present, such as the infrared heat-sense of snakes, the magnetic field sense of some birds, or the electric field sense of some types of fish. Each sensory system begins with specialized receptor cells, [7] such as light-receptive neurons in the retina of the eye, or vibration-sensitive neurons in the cochlea of the ear. The axons of sensory receptor cells travel into the spinal cord or brain, where they transmit their signals to a first-order sensory nucleus dedicated to one specific sensory modality.

This primary sensory nucleus sends information to higher-order sensory areas that are dedicated to the same modality. Eventually, via a way-station in the thalamus , the signals are sent to the cerebral cortex, where they are processed to extract the relevant features, and integrated with signals coming from other sensory systems.

Motor systems are areas of the brain that are involved in initiating body movements , that is, in activating muscles. Except for the muscles that control the eye, which are driven by nuclei in the midbrain, all the voluntary muscles in the body are directly innervated by motor neurons in the spinal cord and hindbrain.

The intrinsic spinal circuits implement many reflex responses, and contain pattern generators for rhythmic movements such as walking or swimming. The descending connections from the brain allow for more sophisticated control.

The brain contains several motor areas that project directly to the spinal cord. At the lowest level are motor areas in the medulla and pons, which control stereotyped movements such as walking, breathing, or swallowing. At a higher level are areas in the midbrain, such as the red nucleus , which is responsible for coordinating movements of the arms and legs. At a higher level yet is the primary motor cortex , a strip of tissue located at the posterior edge of the frontal lobe.

The primary motor cortex sends projections to the subcortical motor areas, but also sends a massive projection directly to the spinal cord, through the pyramidal tract. This direct corticospinal projection allows for precise voluntary control of the fine details of movements. Other motor-related brain areas exert secondary effects by projecting to the primary motor areas. Among the most important secondary areas are the premotor cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum.

In addition to all of the above, the brain and spinal cord contain extensive circuitry to control the autonomic nervous system , which works by secreting hormones and by modulating the "smooth" muscles of the gut.

Many animals alternate between sleeping and waking in a daily cycle. Arousal and alertness are also modulated on a finer time scale by a network of brain areas. A key component of the arousal system is the suprachiasmatic nucleus SCN , a tiny part of the hypothalamus located directly above the point at which the optic nerves from the two eyes cross.

The SCN contains the body's central biological clock. Neurons there show activity levels that rise and fall with a period of about 24 hours, circadian rhythms: The SCN continues to keep time even if it is excised from the brain and placed in a dish of warm nutrient solution, but it ordinarily receives input from the optic nerves, through the retinohypothalamic tract RHT , that allows daily light-dark cycles to calibrate the clock.

The SCN projects to a set of areas in the hypothalamus, brainstem, and midbrain that are involved in implementing sleep-wake cycles. An important component of the system is the reticular formation , a group of neuron-clusters scattered diffusely through the core of the lower brain.

Reticular neurons send signals to the thalamus, which in turn sends activity-level-controlling signals to every part of the cortex.

Damage to the reticular formation can produce a permanent state of coma. Sleep involves great changes in brain activity. There are two types of sleep: Three broad types of distinct brain activity patterns can be measured: During deep NREM sleep, also called slow wave sleep , activity in the cortex takes the form of large synchronized waves, whereas in the waking state it is noisy and desynchronized.

Levels of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and serotonin drop during slow wave sleep, and fall almost to zero during REM sleep; levels of acetylcholine show the reverse pattern. For any animal, survival requires maintaining a variety of parameters of bodily state within a limited range of variation: The basic principle that underlies homeostasis is negative feedback: In vertebrates, the part of the brain that plays the greatest role is the hypothalamus , a small region at the base of the forebrain whose size does not reflect its complexity or the importance of its function.

Some of these functions relate to arousal or to social interactions such as sexuality, aggression, or maternal behaviors; but many of them relate to homeostasis. Several hypothalamic nuclei receive input from sensors located in the lining of blood vessels, conveying information about temperature, sodium level, glucose level, blood oxygen level, and other parameters.

These hypothalamic nuclei send output signals to motor areas that can generate actions to rectify deficiencies. Some of the outputs also go to the pituitary gland , a tiny gland attached to the brain directly underneath the hypothalamus.

The pituitary gland secretes hormones into the bloodstream, where they circulate throughout the body and induce changes in cellular activity. The individual animals need to express survival-promoting behaviors, such as seeking food, water, shelter, and a mate.

The motivational system works largely by a reward—punishment mechanism. When a particular behavior is followed by favorable consequences, the reward mechanism in the brain is activated, which induces structural changes inside the brain that cause the same behavior to be repeated later, whenever a similar situation arises.

Conversely, when a behavior is followed by unfavorable consequences, the brain's punishment mechanism is activated, inducing structural changes that cause the behavior to be suppressed when similar situations arise in the future. Most organisms studied to date utilize a reward—punishment mechanism: Rewards and punishments function by altering the relationship between the inputs that the basal ganglia receive and the decision-signals that are emitted. The reward mechanism is better understood than the punishment mechanism, because its role in drug abuse has caused it to be studied very intensively.

Research has shown that the neurotransmitter dopamine plays a central role: Almost all animals are capable of modifying their behavior as a result of experience—even the most primitive types of worms.

Because behavior is driven by brain activity, changes in behavior must somehow correspond to changes inside the brain. Already in the late 19th century theorists like Santiago Ramón y Cajal argued that the most plausible explanation is that learning and memory are expressed as changes in the synaptic connections between neurons.

Neuroscientists currently distinguish several types of learning and memory that are implemented by the brain in distinct ways:. The field of neuroscience encompasses all approaches that seek to understand the brain and the rest of the nervous system. The brain is also the most important organ studied in psychiatry , the branch of medicine that works to study, prevent, and treat mental disorders.

The oldest method of studying the brain is anatomical , and until the middle of the 20th century, much of the progress in neuroscience came from the development of better cell stains and better microscopes. Neuroanatomists study the large-scale structure of the brain as well as the microscopic structure of neurons and their components, especially synapses. Among other tools, they employ a plethora of stains that reveal neural structure, chemistry, and connectivity.

In recent years, the development of immunostaining techniques has allowed investigation of neurons that express specific sets of genes. The economic incentives are all backwards: Obamacare will punish healthy people while subsidizing those who refuse to take care of their health.

Here are the numbers: There has been some decline in cigarette smoking in the USA, but with all the known health issues associated with smoking cigarettes, it seemed there should be almost no new domestic smokers at all. But the power of advertising has prevailed, even more so in third world countries with less restrictions on cigarette advertising. Is it the Tobacco Plant, or Something Else?

Avoid enclosed areas where people smoke. The Department of Health and Human Services had approved chemical additives to cigarettes by Among them are ammonia compounds to create a nicotine freebase effect. Then there are the toxic additives to the paper to make it burn evenly. Cadmium is a heavy metal with a half-life of 10 to 30 years residence in human tissue, and it easily surpasses toxic levels.

Few mention chemtrails or aerosol geoengineering exposure because most deny their existence. Deny them all you want, but the heavy metal nanoparticles have been trapped in ground level water or air traps after heavy chemtrailing include, among others, barium, aluminum, and cadmium. Retired neurosurgeon and author Dr. Russell Blaylock has voiced concerns over chemtrail aluminum nanoparticles that are breathed in and make their way into the central nervous system and brain.

Access a study on that here. Then begin watching your sky objectively. You can protect yourself from those toxic nanoparticles by detoxing heavy metals often. My favorites are lots of chlorella, fresh organic cilantro, and cliniptilolite zeolite powder not capsules or liquids. Here are 6 foods for natural heavy metal chelation. A five day detox with 1. Shallenberger - Real Cures newsletter July , Vol. But which ones are the most important? Almost all of my diabetic patients have seen tremendous results using these.

Chromium piccolinate— Chromium is an important element in your glucose tolerance factor GTF. GTF is made up of chromium, niacin, and the amino acids cysteine, glutamic acid, and glycine, and worksin tandem with insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. I suggest a dose of 1, mcg to 3, mcg daily. Alpha lipoic acid— Serves a central role in fat metabolism. It is critical for the production of acetyl-coenzyme A from fat. Acetyl-coenzyme A is the substance that kick starts the energy production cycle.

In the event of a deficiency of this enzyme, lactic acid levels rise in the body and can lead to lactic acidosis — a potentially life-threatening condition. Lipoic acid is important for preventing the onset of diabetes, improving blood sugar control, reducing the incidence of cataracts in diabetics, preventing kidney damage which is a common diabetes complication , and it also helps prevent peripheral neuropathy which is common in diabetics.

Many cases of diabetic neuropathy can be improved and even cured using mg, three times a day. In the absence of neuropathy, I recommend doses of mg two times a day. I consider lipoic acid an absolutely essential part of any treatment or prevention strategy for diabetes. Niacinamide— This is a specific form of niacin. Niacin is a nutrient all of us should get more of.

For diabetics, it's one of the most important nutrients for maintaining proper fat metabolism and correct triglyceride levels.

I have my patients take a minimum of mg of niacinamide a day. Preferably , mg daily. L-Carnitine— L-Carnitine works incombination with fat molecules, lipoic acid, and acetyl-coenzyme A to penetrate the membrane of the mitochondria.

I recommend 1, mg to 3, mg of carnitine daily. Glycyrrhiza glabra— You probably know this one as licorice. Licorice is one of my favorite herbs for my diabetic patients because of its amazing effect on exhausted adrenal glands. It contains natural precursors for the production of adrenal hormones. It works in a similar way to the adrenal hormone aldosterone, which is often deficient in adrenal insufficiency. In rare cases, supplementing with licorice can slightly elevate blood pressure levels.

If you have hypertension, it's important to keep a check on blood pressure levels when taking licorice. In addition, licorice can also lead to a decline in potassium levels. Vanadium— Like chromium, vanadium is another trace mineral that plays an enormous role in the activity of insulin. In the form of vanadyl sulfate, it not only improves insulin resistance, but has its own insulin effect, making it especially important for people with low insulin levels. It does this by increasing the number of islet cells in the pancreas and actually regenerates and repairs islet cells previously destroyed by free radicals.

Other herbs— I also recommend a number of herbal supplements to help improve insulin sensitivity. One is Galega officinalis, which contains an ingredient called guanidine from which the diabetes drug metformin is produced.

And the second is Mormodica Charantia, or bitter lemon. I recommend mg of a 4: Together, these two herbs alone can have a modest effect on insulin sensitivity, but when combined with the other supplements mentioned here, they can make quite a difference. Clots, Strokes -- but not for bleeding strokes] Dr.

In fact, she hadn't had a decent night's sleep in over a year. When I examined her, June was overweight and her blood pressure was elevated. The emergency doctor had prescribed a nitroglycerin patch for the angina. Nitroglycerin is a very old herbal remedy that works exceptionally well for angina.

It causes the blood vessels leading to the heart to expand and permits more blood to flow in. The first thing I did was to tell her to stay on her nitro patch. Then, I prescribed the homeopathic medication, ignatia.

Ignatia is an excellent remedy for conditions caused by grief, especially insomnia. Next, I explained to her that blood flow was not just a matter of how big the arteries are. It is also a matter of how thick the blood is. Thick blood is like oil on a cold day. It can't flow well, and tends to clog. That's why the doctor had placed her on an aspirin twice a day. To keep her blood thin and flowing well, I prescribed two treatments.

First, I put her on a boiled vegetables-only diet. Absolutely no fat or protein. Dietary fat and protein thickens the blood for several hours after eating, and this was not a good idea for her at this time.

Second, I had her take the following supplements three times a day: All of these remedies work in different ways to thin out the blood. Then I stopped the aspirin: No need to take aspirin now that she was on this therapy. The last thing she needed was an aspirin-induced ulcer. She was sleeping better, and had more energy. Better yet, her angina pains never returned. I told her to stop the nitro patches, because I didn't think she needed them anymore.

Two months later, I sent June to a cardiologist for evaluation. Although she felt great and had lost 17 pounds, I wanted to make sure she was ready to start exercising. The cardiologist performed a stress test and an echocardiogram. No signs of heart disease at all. She was given full permission to start a regular exercise program.

It is now seven years later. I see June once a year just to make sure that she is taking good care of herself. The key to her program is a combination of monthly chelation treatments combined with a personalized diet and an exercise program. She remarried two years ago, and told me she has never been happier. I have a question about garlic. What's the best way to consume it: I prefer to use the natural garlic as opposed to capsules, but have not been able to discover which is most beneficial.

In this form, it's one of the best remedies for intestinal parasites and yeast. I'll never forget a patient I had once who had severe coronary artery disease, and was told by his cardiologist that he needed an immediate surgery or he would surely die.

Instead he started eating a whole bulb of raw garlic a day, along with two teaspoons of cayenne pepper. But it shows you how powerful the herb is. I would recommend that you mince fresh garlic, let it soak in olive oil for about an hour, and take it that way. Start off easy, because it might take a while for your stomach and intestines to get used to it. All other approaches used in medicine do not halt progression of the disease, i. Keeping lungs healthy and airways clear is important.

Here are 6 herbal tools that can help you breathe easier People should be protected from harmful products, or products that have "unidentified and unforeseen consequences for humans," especially when used for food. Sometimes it seems our country has traded places with the cold war communists of days past. We may not agree with everything that Putin does in the name of Russia, but at least he is willing to do what our President is not in the US — protect his people from genetically modified foods.

But even with this in mind, we nevertheless have legitimate methods and instruments to protect our own market, and above all citizens. The WTO is a big pusher of genetically modified crops. They would then be obliged to actively seek the additional information needed for a more objective risk assessment, and to review the measure within a reasonable period of time.

Serbia is one of them. This is a private organization which, like the biotech companies currently trying to dominate agriculture, have undue influence and power over world industry. A three-man tribunal http: At least Putin is protecting his people from poison. They have also been credited with contributing to the decimation of honey bees around the world. The pesticides acetamiprid and imidacloprid need tighter restrictions.

They say these two pesticides, commonly found in conventionally-grown US crops, can have serious health repercussions and must be cut back. Earlier this year, the US Dept. For years, children in the U. Those with the most imidacloprid included: The produce where it was found most frequently included: The sickening overuse of pesticides has led to countless environmental and health issues both in the U.

The effects of pesticides range from infertility and birth defects to diabetes and cancer. A step toward organic farming and a serious hiatus from conventional pesticide use. What to Do http: Toxic at One Dose: While these technological devices can offer incredible service and ease in a hectic, modern world, they can also be a serious health hazard.

Cell phones emit radiofrequency energy, a form of non-ionizing radiation. Our bodies absorb this radiation and have a difficult time processing it — leading to numerous bodily complications. Interestingly, the tumor development was found on the side of the head in which the cellphone was most used. On the association between glioma, wireless phones, heredity and ionising radiation http: One of 18 States Pushing Corporate Drugs http: Russell Blaylock on MSG and brain-damaging excitotoxins http: Russell Blaylock on devastating health effects of MSG, aspartame and excitotoxins http: New "Natural" Doritos contains yeast extract http: The problem is that yeast extract is a hidden source of MSG monosodium glutamate , according to my sources see below.

MSG, you may know, is classified as an excitotoxin by Dr. Russell Blaylock, who is a doctor, author, and expert on chemicals that damage the nervous system. MSG is well known to cause migraine headaches, seizures, and other nervous system disorders.

Blaylock's research also shows that MSG damages the endocrine system and causes obesity due to impaired appetite control regulation causes you to be unable to stop eating. Doctors and authors who are warning people about yeast extract include Dr. Schwartz, Phyllis Balch, Dr. Alexander Mauskop and even the Life Extension Foundation sources cited below. Yeast extract is also used in so-called "natural" veggie burger products sold in grocery stores and health food stores. In fact, yeast extract is the No.

Don't trust the labels that say "all natural" on the front. Read the ingredients and look for yeast extract. Hear the 'Awakenings' podcast from the Health Ranger http: It is an evergreen tree from South America that produces a type of bark that has been claimed to cure or prevent cancer, along with other illnesses.

The scientific name is Tabebuia avellanedae, and the tea that is made from this bark is often referred to as "Pau d'arco," though many alternative names have been used. The University of Maryland found that this specific tea, or bark extract, has anticancer properties, as well as anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic, antifungal and antimicrobial properties. There has not been any well-known testing on humans, but studies have already proven that this particular bark provides a stimulation of immune system cells known as macrophages.

Additionally, this bark has been reported to kill lung cancer cells and liver cancer cells that were grown and analyzed in a test-tube study. The tea, often called Taheebo tea, is hard to mix with water, requiring up to 20 minutes of varying heat and boiling measures, but many people have reported this particular tea to have cured them of their health ailments.

One website reports a testimonial that claims this tea to have cured a man diagnosed with lymphoma, and who had only a matter of months to live.

In , Anna Hodgekiss with the Daily Mail reported a woman who had been diagnosed with Crohn's disease and who took it upon herself to test many different barks for a cure. She did not specify the particular bark she found successful, but she has already sold it to a pharmaceutical company, going to show that bark is a form of treatment in which people can place their trust.

The typical uses of Pau d'arco, listed by the University of Maryland, include treatment of cancer, candidiasis, influenza, parasitic disease, herpes and bacterial infection. Louise Tenney writes in the Cancer News Journal, that this tree bark, sometimes called Ipe Roxo, has curative powers that have proved countless times to have healed thousands of people. It very well might be that the cure for cancer is found in this tree bark.

Distributors of this bark reported that a client cured his dog of a skin condition with the tea. The owner himself claims this tea cured colon cancer in his own father.

Although this tree is now endangered, the main producers of the tea instructs people to use their signature method when stripping the bark from the tree so that it does not kill the species but leaves it able to produce more bark for future harvests. High levels of the bark extract have the potential to be poisonous. One study, however, conducted in the 70s by the National Cancer Institute, found no toxic effects on liver or kidney tissue. The ACS also claims that many people are selling derivatives and false variations of the bark.

There was a study in Canada that tested 12 products claiming to be Pau d'arco and found only one of these products to have contained lapachol, which is the pure ingredient of Pau d'arco. The University of Maryland cautions consumers that this bark in heavy doses can cause unmanageable bleeding, while some proponents actually claim this is a blood builder.

It is hard to tell how beneficial this herb exactly is, but it might prove more helpful than harsher Western medical treatments. Sources of this article include: Their antioxidant component scientifically proven to cause cancer http: We're talking about nearly 75, Americans each year.

Is this a plague upon us? Chickens are supposed to eat BUGS too, y'know? Also, fish are supposed to eat plankton, krill and algae and many types are high in omega-3 -- not corn and ground up-larger fish from which they accumulate heavy metals, PCBs and other toxins. Much of what medical researchers conclude in their studies is misleading, exaggerated, or flat-out wrong.

So why are doctors—to a striking extent—still drawing upon misinformation in their everyday practice? John Ioannidis has spent his career challenging his peers by exposing their bad science.

A new book exposes the fraud and reviews the legitimate alternative cures. Neither a cure nor prevention is the priority any longer, because the real money is made from treating cancer. Despite the efforts of the cartel to suppress natural cancer therapies, many have succeeded in actually curing thousands of terminal patients so that they can return to a normal life. Juxtaposing these alternative therapies against traditional therapy is the focus of the book.

As far as the 'War on Cancer', even with hundreds of billions contributed to the cause over the past 4 decades, the survival rate shows little improvement. In place of the medical cartel-devised Obamacare, a new system designed from the ground up is needed to create truly affordable healthcare.

It's necessary to take a stand, don't wait for armed IRS agents to come knocking at your door. Interleaved with these stories are factual reports about the Medical Cartel. Tribute is paid to visionaries who made major contributions towards our understanding of cancer, especially Dr Otto Warburg, Nobel Prize winner and biochemist who discovered the generic cause of cancer in the 's. Other great innovators in cancer research and promotion of natural cures are Dean Burk, Max Gerson, Stanislaw Burzynski and Ernst Krebs Jr who each achieved extraordinary breakthroughs.

Now, the imposition of Obamacare appears to be an even worse omen for the future. Later, he tried to change his promise to a conditional one: That era has been long gone as a large number of Congressmen now spend their time huddling with lobbyists and planning new ways to enrich large corporations.

This situation is reflected in the lowest public opinion poll of Congress ever taken. When the first round of insurance cancellation notices were sent out in the last quarter of , the deception of 'keeping your healthcare plan' hit home to 6,, Americans who held private insurance. Even worse, the Department of Health and Human Services HHS estimates another 75 million who have employer-provided health insurance will lose their existing plans as well.

According to Ron Paul, "16, armed bureaucrats coming to make this program work - if it was a good program and everybody liked it, you wouldn't need 16, thugs coming with their guns and putting you in jail if you didn't follow all the rules. Senator Max Baucus, from whose committee the bill originated said Obamacare was drafted by Liz Fowler, left, who was Vice President at WellPoint, the largest private health insurer in the country.

Then she returned to the Senator's committee to play a prime role in drafting Obamacare legislation. Not only did Fowler play a major role in writing the law, but she then joined the Obama Administration to help implement the law. Yet even with documented evidence of their successful cures and patient testimonies to back them up, these medical visionaries have suffered inordinate harassment and in some cases arrests, lawsuits and trials initiated by the American Medical Association and the corrupt FDA until most were forced to close their clinics and leave the United States.

The people most affected by this harassment and persecution are those cancer patients who desire alternative therapies that work and those classified as terminal, left with no hope.

Besides assisting Big Pharma research, they helped the FDA by producing negative test results for natural therapies. They served to expand membership, raise income and attack all known alternative cancer therapies, forcing most out of business. The revolving door between the Drug monoliths and the FDA is well known and explains their priorities. Fluoridation and Cancer As Dr Burk of the NCI revealed thru scientific studies, adding Fluoride to city reservoirs results in dramatically higher cancer rates in those cities.

Vaccination and Cancer A steady increase in the vaccinations of young children has led to the dramatic increase in cancer over the past 60 years. The SV40 virus embedded in the polio vaccines of the 50's has proven to be a virulent carcinogen. Vaccine preservatives such as mercury and formaldehyde are also highly toxic and bio-accumulate in the body.

At the FDA, which is, in fact, killing Americans at that rate, no one has ever felt the need to step forward and speak up. Let's shift the venue and ask the same question. If you were a medical reporter for a major media outlet in the US, and you knew the above fact, wouldn't you make it a priority to say something, write something, do something? And with that, let's go to the smoking guns. The report was compiled by outside researchers who went into the FDA's own database of "serious adverse [medical-drug] events.

The FDA knows and it isn't saying anything about it, because the FDA certifies, as safe and effective, all the medical drugs that are routinely maiming and killing Americans.

Previously, I have documented that the FDA knows; because the FDA has a page on its own website that admits , people are killed every year by medical drugs, and two million more people are severely injured by the drugs.

And for the past five years or so, I have been writing about and citing a published report by the late Dr. Barbara Starfield that indicates , people in the US are killed by medical drugs every year. Until her death in , Dr. Her report, "Is US health really the best in the world? Since the Department of Homeland Security is working its way into every nook and corner of American life, hyper-extending its mandate to protect all of us from everything, why shouldn't I go along with Janet Napolitano's advice: This is what I see and this is what I'm saying.

How many smoking guns do we need before a sitting president shuts down the FDA buildings, fumigates the place, and prosecutes very large numbers of FDA employees? Do we need , smoking guns every year? Do we need relatives of the people who've all died in the span of merely a year, from the poisonous effects of FDA-approved medical drugs, to bring their corpses to the doors of FDA headquarters? And let me ask another question.

If instead of drugs like warfarin, dabigatran, levofloxacin, carboplatin, and lisinopril the five leading killers in the FDA database , the , deaths per year were led by gingko, ginseng, vitamin D, niacin, and raw milk, what do you think would happen?

I'll tell you what would happen. The resulting fatalities would be written off as necessary collateral damage in the fight to keep America safe and healthy. All those phony stories in the press, reported dutifully by so-called medical reporters?

The stories about maybe-could-be-possible-miracle breakthroughs just over the horizon of state-of-the-art medical research? Those stories are there to obscure the very, very hard facts of medically-caused death on the ground. The buck stops at the FDA.

Except in the real world, it doesn't. Which tells you something about the so-called real world and how much of it is composed of propaganda. Here is the situation. No medical drug in the US can be released for public use unless and until the FDA says it is safe and effective. The FDA is spitting out drug approvals month after month and year after year, and the drugs are routinely killing , people a year and maiming two million more, which adds up to a million deaths per decade and 20 million maimings per decade.

The FDA and the federal government are doing nothing about it, even though they know what's going on. This is mass murder.

Well, a New York court made such a determination long ago, and recently refused the plea of a plaintiff who tried to overturn the archaic decision. Massachusetts], all children who attend New York pubic schools can be 'forced' to be vaccinated, according to a 2nd circuit court of law. The law was determined in but was recently challenged by Dina Check, the plaintiff who decided that her Catholic religion gave her a right to determine whether or not her child should be vaccinated.

While religious leanings are a fine reason to refuse a vaccination -- the court also determined against her in the case because there was 'strong evidence' that her refusal vaccines were due to her fear of them being harmful, and not due to her religious beliefs.

Unfortunately, it's true that vaccines can potentially cause unwanted problems, as outlined even by the CDC's Vaccine Adverse Event reports. Vaccine could lead to reproductive health damage, hampered child development, and other neurological disorders. This is no less abhorrent than the teenage girl who was recently told by a court of law that she HAD to get chemotherapy for her cancer treatment. How can the nations of the free make such an enforcement on its citizens?

There are currently 58 bills in 24 different states that would limit your rights when it comes to vaccines, and in some cases, you would be forced or face jail time or have your children taken from you by Child Protective Services.

This should also cause a moment of reflection since the US has an extremely high infant mortality rate and we start vaccinating our babies before they even reach 12 months old. I hope Dina Check appeals, and so does the year old Hodgkin's patient. Your health is your right. Obamacare Fiasco This chapter covers a description of the failed launch, website deficiencies, security issues, continuing exclusions and delays and the insidious role of the IRS.

Natural therapies are available and the book highlights several possibilities. One must realize that cancer is not some foreign invader but a part of our biological process that has run amuck. It can be cured with proper knowledge and self discipline. Dr Otto Warburg recommends a solution and makes a startling revelation: For further info see http: If a paperback is preferred expected in 2 months , please send your email address.

David Belk videos on the True Cost of Healthcare. Kenneth Anton is an American who resides in Bangkok. Ryke Geerd Hamer, left, discovered that not only cancer but all diseases are triggered by unexpected shocks and traumas. Thugs showed up and threatened that if he didn't disown his findings, things would become unpleasant. Hugo Salinas Price [Lindsey Williams knows this Mexican billionaire, who has given us advice about the coming collapse of the dollar -- search for his name on my Latest page.

When the war was over, the Spanish began to investigate the culture of the conquered people and found, to their amazement, that the people of what is now Mexico possessed a vast body of medical knowledge based on the curative qualities of plants. The Spanish filed reports and sent back to Spain drawings of the plants with their Aztec names together with information about their curative powers.

The reaction of the doctors in Spain was immediate. They do not know that the human body is governed by four humors or liquid spirits in the body: These humors are affected by the planets, the Sun and the Moon. When there is no balance of these humors in the body, then the body is sick. The Aztecs have only experience upon which to base their medicine; our medicine is vastly superior because we know the true theory of health, and we deduce our medicine from the theory.

All that medicine from New Spain Mexico is nonsense. Faced by an accuser, he pulled out a cutting from an herb from a little bag he was carrying. He asked the accuser to smell it, which he did.

Nothing could stop it. The Aztec was implored to stop the bleeding. He pulled out another herb from his bag and gave it to the bleeding man to smell. The hemorrhage stopped immediately. The case against the Aztec doctor was dismissed. Such is the world, and such it will ever be.

Today, Ph Ds in Economics infest the landscape. However, we are not to be taken into account, like the Aztec doctors, because we do not know the all-important theory. We only have the experience of centuries, or millennia, to back up our considerations, and that of course, cuts no ice: Take the case of the Dutchman Antony van Leeuwenhoek He became wealthy as a cloth merchant.

In his youth, as an apprentice to a cloth merchant, he first saw a magnifying glass, which was used by such merchants to examine their goods more closely.

Later on, he developed a fascination with lenses; he began to make his own lenses and to apply them to looking at tiny things which had never been examined before.

He wrote to the Royal Society believing them to be open-mined and interested in his work. Well, the Royal Society disbelieved his account of these microbes — the first any man had seen!

He was only a retired cloth merchant. What could he know? Then again, we have Galileo, who first saw the moons that circle Jupiter, which convinced him that the Earth circles the Sun — an opinion hateful to the Catholic Church at that time. He barely escaped burning at the stake, a fate which ended the life of Giordano Bruno in , who postulated an infinite Universe and the multiplicity of worlds.

An emissary from the Inquisition visited Galileo in his home. Galileo urged him to look through his telescope and see the moons of Jupiter for himself. The official refused to look through the telescope. Theory or dogma had to take precedence. The facts are irrelevant if they do not confirm the theory or dogma. This attitude prevails to our day, and will always prevail as long as human nature is what it is.

The experience of the Wright brothers is illuminating with regard to the Media. The Wright brothers had been flying their airplane on the outskirts of Dayton, Ohio, for five years before the local newspaper decided to send a reporter to investigate — the idea of a heavier-than-air machine taking to the air was unthinkable, why bother?

The vast majority of people do not really see with their own eyes: However, hundreds of millions of individuals all over the world attribute the collapse of these buildings to the fact that they were struck by two airplanes, and they will get angry if you suggest that the buildings could not have collapsed as a result of those airplanes crashing into them; the fact that WTC-7 collapsed on its own footprint, like the Twin Towers, and no airplane struck it is — well, beside the point for these people.

Facts are supposed to confirm a theory; if they do not — then the facts must be shelved. So the uncomfortable facts that archeologists come up with are filtered out of their reports. In their field of investigation, theory comes first, and only facts which agree with the Darwinian theory of evolution are reported. Other facts are discreetly ignored. But the ultimate delusion prevailing in the world for the last forty years is fiat money. This delusion is so powerful that only a tiny minority among the close to 7 billion human beings on Earth is aware that it is a delusion, that all the money being used in the world as money, is in fact not money, but a simulation of money.

Fiat money is now rapidly destroying the world, but in spite of all the signs pointing to fiat money as the cause, the foremost brains of the world refuse to acknowledge the fact. Their theories, which they were taught in prestigious schools and universities, take precedence over the fact of collapsing economies. This book was first published in , and reprinted in This book places before us a microcosm of our present world.

What happened in Revolutionary France in the years to is precisely what is taking place in the whole world in The world is living in a process of monetary degeneration which began, explicitly, with the outbreak of World War I in , though its origin lay in a series of previous financial malpractices dating back years before World War I; the disastrous conclusion of that process is approaching.

The lawmakers, impatient to resolve the problem of economic malaise which the Revolution itself had caused, decided to take a short-cut to stimulate the economy.

Deaf to the warnings of men with financial experience, they confirmed to one another the supposed validity of their fallacious reasoning; convincing themselves of the viability of their monetary scheme, the lawmakers carried forward a project based on fiat money — money irredeemable in gold or silver. In spite of the negative results which this policy soon produced — a steadily falling purchasing power of this fiat money, reflected in the rising prices of all goods - they insisted on pressing forward on this mistaken road and attributed the bad results to everything but their policy of inflation with fictitious money.

That invariable law of finance with regard to fiat money, the law of the acceleration in the issue of fiat money and its concomitant accelerated depreciation, took possession of the French legislature. Seven years later, France was totally ruined. Manufacturing had closed down. Unemployment was pervasive and consequently the stagnating salaries for labor brought enormous hardship for the poor, amid rising prices of food, clothing and fuel.

Unemployment was only relieved by the military drafts which sent millions of Frenchmen to their deaths in the foreign wars.

Morals suffered a precipitous decline. All business activity became a game of chance. Speculation enriched unscrupulous men and at the same time swept the poorer classes of the population into misery.

Famine forced the government to dole out bread to the population. What is perhaps most noteworthy in this fateful French experiment is that not one of those responsible for the disaster ever acknowledged having been mistaken. What took place in France, under the régime of fiat money, is precisely what is happening in our world today. The same phenomena observed in France in the 18th century can be seen all over the world, today. Those responsible for the huge world crisis of the present time insist on continuing down the path that led to this disaster.

Not one of those responsible is willing to recognize that they have all been mistaken. They insist, as did the French revolutionaries, on applying greater doses of fiat money: The destruction of France took only seven years. The same policy that destroyed France now operates around the world.