MFW Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) list

What is Forskolin?

Anabolic steroid
How to Use Weight Gainer Development of breast tissue in males, a condition called gynecomastia which is usually caused by high levels of circulating estradiol , may arise because of increased conversion of testosterone to estradiol by the enzyme aromatase. Female steroid users, in addition to the problems listed above, can have virilizing masculinizing symptoms when using the harsher, androgenic compounds, including amenorrhea which is reversible , clitoral hypertrophy, deeper voice, excessive growth of body hair, loss of scalp hair and alterations in skin texture which frequently aren't reversible. Testosterone in the male is produced mainly in the testis, a small amount being produced in the adrenal. High protein diet High protein diet risks. It can be done in some unique circumstances, but for the most part it isn't possible.

Forskolin Ingredients


That is why you can easily hold your head back during this routine without worrying about striking it on the floor and without the need to support it in any way. Abdominal Training FAQ http: Everyone has a six-pack of abs. The ability to see them is completely dependent upon body fat levels.

If you want to show off a washboard stomach, then drop the body fat. Spot reduction is a myth. Hundreds of situps or crunches will not "bring out" the abs if they're covered in fat. If you want to increase the strength of your abdominals and every lifter should , then perform abdominal exercises with WEIGHT. What is the proper way to do shrugs? Shrugs should be performed in a straight up and down motion. Keep the head in an upright position, looking straight ahead, not at the floor, not at the ceiling.

Rolling the shoulders does not stress the traps any better. In fact, it may be harmful. Rowing movements can effectively work the traps when the shoulders are pulled backward. However, rowing movements call for moving the weight perpendicular to the body in order to stress these muscles during this movement. During shrugs the weight is not in a position to provide resistance against a backward movement.

Therefore, a shrug should be done straight up and down. In a word, NO! Everyone from Peewee Herman to Ahnuld has their own individual genetic shape. You can't change it. This extends to the shape of the muscle bellies as well. Some people have very long and flat muscle bellies and some have peaky, short muscles. Most people are somewhere in between.

The biceps brachii is a two headed muscle that runs from the shoulder to across the elbow. It functions to supinate and flex the forearm. The 2 heads run parallel to each other and it's debatable whether one exercise will target one over the other when sufficient weight is used.

You can't preferentially contract one area of a bicep head over the other, either. The innervation of a muscle or muscle head in this case is made so that if one motor unit motor neuron and the muscle fibers it innervates fires you'll get a very weak contraction all over the whole muscle. As more motor units are called into play the weak contractions all over, of course summate and you get a strong contraction. Also, you can't stretch one part of a muscle over any other part because you either move the muscle attachments closer together or farther apart.

So, what do you do? You just merely focus on making your arms larger: This will give you the illusion of having peakier or longer biceps. Doing the "mass" or big movements will go longer to giving you big arms than endless sets of curls. Also, you're going to have to increase your bodyweight significantly to make any real gains in bicep mass. It's much easier to put an inch on your arms when you've put on 20 lbs of muscle. Muscle is what moves us and it's something we all lose as we age.

The exact mechanism causing this change is unknown, but it is thought that it is related to altered interactions between muscle cells and motor nerves. Muscle loss leads to a lower metabolic rate and, thus, weight gain unless Calorie intake is reduced which rarely happens. Age associated muscle wasting can lead to a number of problems where older people may not have the strength to lift loads, rise from a chair, or carry out the daily activities required for independent living.

Weight lifting or resistance training can actually prevent this muscle loss. So far, strength training is the only method shown effective at slowing this loss of muscle. Aerobic exercise does not stem muscle loss. Physiologists indicate that, ideally, a person would begin weight training before age 50 those of us at mfw would suggest by age The benefits are not restricted to older members of society. If you have high blood pressure, diabetes, heart pains or any heart or circulatory condition, it is essential to check with your physician before beginning.

Strength training has been shown to increase bone-density in post-menopausal women, helping to prevent bone fractures. In addition, weightlifting can improve neural control of muscles which can prevent the types of accidents that often cause bone fractures in the elderly. In addition, weightlifting can contribute greatly to the control of body fat.

Therefore, weightlifting can be very beneficial for those who have a tendency towards obesity. As more studies are done, more and more beneficial effects of weightlifting are becoming evident. These benefits have been seen regardless of the ages, sexes, and prior levels of training:.

On the occasion of a recent Junior World Championship we measured, by single photon absorptiometry, BMC Bone Mineral Content in 59 young competitive male athletes aged 15 to 20 years from 14 countries. It seems that the vigorous exercise of weightlifters tends to fade out any race or age-related BMC differences. Both aerobic and resistance training exercise can provide weight-bearing stimulus to bone, yet research indicates that resistance training may have a more profound site specific effect than aerobic exercise.

Over the past 10 years, nearly two dozen cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have shown a direct and positive relationship between the effects of resistance training and bone density. See also the note on protein consumption and calcium at Is increased protein intake harmful?

While the aminotransferases are often referred to as liver enzymes, these enzymes are actually found in numerous tissues and their numbers often increase from exercise-induced trauma. These numbers are a good marker for people who drink alcohol constantly, or consume oral anabolic steroids.

If the numbers are times higher than the normal range in the aforementioned people, there's a good chance their livers are hurting. First, cardiovascular conditioning is very important for health, but bodybuilders rely on it to help shed fat so they can show off the physiques they have built. Some argue that they burn enough calories from intense weight workouts, making cardio unnecessary.

While this may be true for people with fast metabolisms, it is not true for a large percentage of the population. Recent studies have found that long duration, repetitive use of muscles like biking, rowing, skiing or jogging for 10 minutes or longer causes changes in gene expression that greatly increase the quantity of certain proteins within these exercised cells mainly slow twitch fibers.

These proteins not only have the potential to lead to better health, but they can greatly enhance the fat burning done by these muscle cells. To turn your body into a blast furnace, do some cardio exercise regularly. In addition, regular cardio work may also provide for better blood flow to muscle cells, which may provide for better lifting in the gym. Powerlifters who are unconcerned with the health benefits of cardiovascular exercise may still need to do some regular cardiovascular exercise.

Too much cardio work would be absolutely detrimental to their goal. However, insufficient cardio exercise may limit their potential as a powerlifter. Cardiovascular exercise before lifting weights can serve as a very good warmup.

Unfortunately, this may leave you too fatigued to give intense effort to the weight workout. Weightlifting before cardiovascular exercise may help the body go into "fat burning" mode faster because the weightlifting depletes glycogen stores. Unfortunately, after lifting a person may be too tired to have an effective cardiovascular workout. The general consensus is that, for general fitness, it doesn't matter what order you do your exercise. However, strength athletes should prioritize the weightlifting first, performing the cardio later.

This is very difficult. It can be done in some unique circumstances, but for the most part it isn't possible. For example, novice lifters can sometimes gain muscle and lose fat at the same time. Also, people returning from long layoffs can sometimes add muscle and lose fat at the same time. However, experienced lifters who are working out consistently can't do both at the same time.

If you want to do both, you should choose one goal either fat loss or muscle gain and work towards that goal for a few months. After some success towards that goal, you should then change over and try to accomplish the other for a few months. Be single-minded in your focus towards that goal. When trying to lose fat, you should be unconcerned if you lose a little muscle as well. Likewise, if you're trying to add muscle, you should allow the addition of a small amount of fat.

No, this can't be done. Most dieters will lose 1 pound of muscle for every 3 pounds of fat lost. Steroid-aided athletes can only take this ratio up to about 1: Muscle loss when dieting is inevitable. Try to minimize it, but focus on the goal of fat loss.

Yes, it is possible. Gaining strength without gaining muscle mass is common in novice lifters and people who are returning from long lay-offs. Older lifters can sometimes improve strength through improvements in lifting technique.

However, once these avenues have been exhausted, the only way to improve strength is through and increase in mass. This is why so many bodybuilders, appropriately, train to get stronger. If you get stronger, you will get larger. This doesn't automatically mean, that when comparing to different individuals, the larger person is stronger. It simply means that if you take your existing muscle mass and then increase it, it will necessarily be stronger. In response to this question, Fred Hatfield once said "just lift the damn weights!

There are some good nutrition and training FAQs located at http: There are three macronutrients food consumed in large amounts to meet energy and other physiological requirements that you must consume daily: Bodybuilders often focus on protein which is the largest constituent of muscle cells after water because, after all, "you are what you eat. Those attempting to add muscle to their frames should consume at least 15 to 20 times their body weight in pounds - kg x 2.

Bodybuilders are rarely deficient in protein. Common sources of protein include milk, eggs, red meat, chicken, beans, rice, pasta and nuts. The healthiest diets usually involve a wide variety of carbohydrate sources starting with vegetables and fruits. Other sources of carbs include rice, pasta, baked potatoes, oats and breads. These are common carbohydrates consumed on weight-gain diets. Someone trying to lose body fat should consume between 10 and 15 times their body weight in Calories per day.

A common goal is to consume about Calories fewer than you would normally require, and exercise to burn off an extra Calories. At this Calorie deficit of Calories per day, a person will lose about 1 pound of fat per week.

A person should never lose more than 2 pounds per week. The faster the weight is lost, the more likely muscle will be lost instead of fat. Other health problems are also associated with drastic weight loss. When it comes to dividing the calories between protein, carbohydrates, and fats, don't start by figuring out the precise percentages unless you're following the Zone Diet , start with your body's nutritional requirements:.

Your body doesn't know from percentages of anything. So protein gets set at that level regardless. Then worry about the other numbers. But just keep in mind that the percentages can be terribly misleading. The daily protein intake necessary to prevent lean tissue losses and ideally allow for muscle mass and strength gain is estimated to be about 0. Optimal protein intake for maximum growth in non-dieting individuals is likely even higher.

The protein requirements of dieters are certainly not less, owing to their increased tendency to burn both dietary and tissue protein for fuel. Weight loss and carbohydrates Carbohydrates are starches and sugars such as those found in bread, pasta, rice, vegetables, fruits, non-diet soda pop, Twinkies, crackers, and breakfast cereals.

The traditional division between "simple" and "complex" carbohydrates is largely meaningless and often misleading when compared to the body's own responses to different kinds of foods. The Glycemic Index of foods is a far more useful measure of their real-world effects. Glycemic Index GI is a rating system for carbohydrates based on how quickly the sugar enters the blood stream and the degree of insulin response induced.

GIs were initially established to help diabetics regulate insulin levels following meals. Carbohydrate sources with low GIs generally enter the blood stream slower or cause a smaller insulin response. This can be beneficial for those trying to lose fat as well as those who are diabetic.

Note that the Glycemic Index is measured for a standardized gram sample of a carbohydrate-rich food eaten in isolation and on an empty stomach. Rick Mendosa maintains an extensive list of the glycemic indices of foods at http: Unfortunately, though the names have been changed, the foods that you'd always thought were bad for your diet still are.

Foods rich in sugars are particularly to be avoided, with non-diet sodas and fruit juices sharing a particular talent for sneaking loads of calories past the lips of the unwary dieter. It is likely beneficial to consume multiple meals per day, like six, instead of just three. One reason is that multiple meals will reduce the amount of carbohydrate eaten at any one time, causing a smaller insulin response at each meal and maintaining a more constant insulin level throughout the day.

Much evidence indicates that high insulin levels encourages the storage of fat. The primary source of fat should be vegetable sources while minimizing the intake of saturated fats from animal sources. There are essential fatty acids. Linoleic acid is obtained from just about every source of vegetable fat. Linolenic acid, and other omega-3 fatty acids, are more difficult to obtain, but they are found in walnuts, flax seed, borage seed and some fish oils.

As outlined above, a loss of muscle mass causes a decrease in metabolic rate and subsequent weight fat gain. Inevitably, dieters undergoing Calorie restriction will lose some of their muscle mass. This loss of muscle will slow down the metabolic rate causing them to resort to further Calorie decreases or increases in physical activity in order to continue losing weight. Weightlifting can actually prevent some of this muscle loss, and if new muscle is added to your frame, you will actually burn more Calories when you aren't even exercising the other 23 hours in the day.

Successful weight loss requires permanent dietary and exercise changes, but the goal of fat loss is more likely to be successful when weightlifting is combined with proper diet and aerobic cardiovascular exercise. Weight loss centers are usually viewed as a temporary fix and they rarely contribute to long-term management of body fat. People will usually visit the center for a while where their meals are controlled and they are regularly weighed and measured for body fat.

However, once the person stops visiting the center, their eating patterns do not resemble the meals of the controlled environments and people often lose motivation without the regular weigh-ins to monitor their progress.

Successful elimination of body fat comes about through long-term changes in diet decrease Calorie intake, eat healthier foods and a long-term commitment to exercise. Some people find other types of diets useful. On this diet, Dan also encourages the consumption of low to moderate GI carbs. The AD is a cyclical ketogenic diet which provides a way to gain muscle whilst losing fat, sometimes at an astonishing rate. During the week no carbs are ingested less than 30g per day , fat and protein make up the daily calories.

On the weekends the diet switches over to a normal low fat and very high carb regime. The diet works in the following manner. In the absence of carbs during the week , the body switches to ketone bodies from fat breakdown for an energy source - this is ketosis.

Ketones have been shown to be protein sparing. The high levels of ingested fats also trick the body into a faster metabolic rate. On the weekends when huge amounts of insulin spiking carbs are ingested, the body is put into a highly anabolic state.

Fat spillover is minimised due to the carb depleted muscles absorbing most of the excess blood sugar. Hence, fat loss is maximised during the week with minimal muscle loss and conversely on weekends muscle gain is maximised and any fat spillover is minimised. Weekday food choices include bacon and eggs, steak, salmon, full fat mayo, cream, butter, sausages - you get the picture.

See the following site by Jeff Krabbe for more info. Bodyopus is very similar to the anabolic diet except that it focuses on losing bodyfat quickly while minimizing lean tissue losses and includes the use of various pharmacological agents. Mysteriously, Bodyopus was published without an index, but Robert Ames was kind enough to write one. A plain-text version is available at http: The zone diet, by Barry Sears, is an extremely Calorie restrictive diet that involves maintaining a protein to carbohydrate ratio of 0.

In theory, this type of diet should reduce the insulin response after meals containing high-glycemic foods. Subsequently, Sears believes that this lower insulin response should help reduce body fat. A recent study found that after long-term 30 day consumption of low-glycemic foods, the body can alter insulin secretion to reflect values similar to those observed following the consumption of high glycemic foods.

In addition, another study found that, despite decreased insulin secretion, there was no significant fat loss above that observed in a high insulin secretion group. There are problems with both of these studies, but they do raise serious questions that have yet to be answered with respect to the zone diet. First, almost all studies examining the glycemic index of food have followed the subjects for only a number of hours after the meal, or for only a few days.

Insulin responses have not been examined after long-duration consumption of low glycemic index foods. This leaves the question, will the body adapt, in the long run, to low glycemic diets by secreting some predetermined genetic quantity of insulin? Second, while insulin certainly encourages the storage of fat, one obvious question remains.

Can reducing insulin levels by changing to a low glycemic index diet actually result in fat loss, independent of further Calorie restriction? In addition, weightlifters usually have some of the best glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity around, raising another question. Will this type of diet be beneficial for weightlifting, or any, athletes? Due to the extremely Calorie restrictive nature of this diet, I RR do not recommend it for weightlifters trying to gain lean mass.

Those trying to lose fat may find the recommendations of the zone diet to be very beneficial for fat loss. The basics of the diet revolve around low-glycemic vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans and dairy products as food sources containing the ideal carbohydrates. While all the claims have not yet been born out by research, the Zone diet is a sound approach to nutrition. Most people who have tried it report good results at losing fat while preserving lean mass.

People trying to gain lean muscle have had more mixed results. Further information can be obtained by going to http: For weightlifters, 3 effects on the Zone diet are generally reported. See also The Zone page http: Common wisdom is that the dietary protein requirements of athletes exceed that of sedentary individuals, but this topic remains a contentious one with a very wide range of recommendations and a few outspoken individuals even going so far as to deny that athletes have any greater requirement at all or that increased protein consumption is harmful see the following section, Is increased protein intake harmful?

One of the best-known researchers on the subject is Peter Lemon, who writes:. Recent evidence indicates that actual requirements are higher than those of more sedentary individuals, although this is not widely recognized. Novices may have higher needs than experienced strength athletes, and substantial interindividual variability exists. Although routinely consumed by many strength athletes, higher protein intakes have not been shown to be consistently effective and may even be associated with some health risks.

In a word, no. Several studies have indeed shown that reduced protein intake is beneficial for individuals suffering from kidney disorders, but this does not imply that a diet high in protein is harmful for individuals with healthy, functioning kidneys. Increased protein intake does, however, also increase calcium excretion; this is not generally a problem, because it can be compensated for by increased calcium intake, either from food or from supplements. Many high-protein foods, including milk and cheese, contain more than enough calcium to compensate for any increase in calcium excretion due to their protein content.

Even if your diet is high in protein but not high in calcium-rich foods, calcium supplements are widely and cheaply available in pill form. Carbohydrate loading is the technique of depleting muscle glycogen stores, usually through a combination of diet and exercise, followed by a period of consuming a diet rich in high glycemic index carbohydrates.

Muscle cells with depleted glycogen stores will take up and store carbohydrates from the bloodstream much more rapidly than undepleted cells and if glycogen stores are refilled rapidly, this "window" of increased uptake will last slightly longer than it takes to return glycogen stores to baseline levels, leading to more glycogen being stored in muscle tissue than would ordinarily.

Several carbohydrate CHO -loading protocols have been used to achieve muscle glycogen supercompensation and prolong endurance performance. This study assessed the persistence of muscle glycogen supercompensation over the 3 days after the supercompensation protocol. Trained male athletes completed a 6-day CHO-loading protocol that included cycle ergometer exercise and dietary manipulations. Subjects cycled 40 min at the same intensity for the next 2 days.

The CHO-loading protocol increased muscle glycogen by 1. Results indicate that supercompensated muscle glycogen levels can be maintained for at least 3 days in a resting athlete when a moderate-CHO diet is consumed.

Carbohydrate loading is potentially valuable to both the bodybuilder and endurance athlete, by increasing muscle size and fullness and by increasing intramuscular energy stores to be used in a subsequent athletic event.

Because glycogen storage requires the simultaneous uptake of water by muscle cells, carbohydrate loading also has the potential for drawing in any excess extracellular water, which makes the skin appear thinner and brings out muscular detail. Care must be taken to drink sufficient fluids at any time when glycogen stores are being replenished, because if too much water is taken up without adequate intake, electrolyte imbalances and cramping may result.

Unfortunately, even if there are natural ways to increase testosterone, the body tends to adapt to that change. It is unlikely that natural supplements can actually result in observable benefits. Homeopathic testosterone and other homeopathic preparations You may be wondering how one can legally sell testosterone and how homeopathic "testosterone" might be effective when taken orally, like testosterone isn't.

The secret lies in the basic principle of homeopathy, which claims that the "essence" of a substance remains even when it is diluted to the point that none of the substance in question actually remains in the solution. As such, these are basically just particularly expensive vials of distilled water and will do everything for you that drinking a tiny vial of water would, thus getting around the legal and biochemical limitations of actual testosterone.

I suspect it's much simpler. If you do exercises, with really heavy weights, that stress the entire body, then the entire body grows to adapt to that stress. I'm going to back this statement. This is the main reason any power lifter does overloads. My PR in the squat is , so I put on the bar and simply hold it.

In laymen's term's it's simply getting used to the weight. That is my advice for powerlifters. For any other athlete, this advice may be different. Train for what you do! Not for what increases limit strength. Neither masturbation or sexual intercourse is likely to worsen your athletic performance and recovery or lower testosterone levels. If you do have sex in the gym, be aware that other gym members may complain if you haven't brought enough to share with them too.

J Endocrinol Sep;70 3: Purvis K, Landgren BM, Cekan Z, Diczfalusy E The levels of pregnenolone, dehydroepiandrosterone DHA , androstenedione, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone DHT , oestrone, oestradiol, cortisol and luteinizing hormone LH were measured in the peripheral plasma of a group of young, apparently healthy males before and after masturbation.

The same steroids were also determined in a control study, in which the psychological antipation of masturbation was encouraged, but the physical act was not carried out. The plasma levels of all steroids were significantly increased after masturbation, whereas steroid levels remained unchanged in the control study. The most marked changes after masturbation were observed in pregnenolone and DHA levels.

No alterations were observed in the plasma levels of LH. Both before and after masturbation plasma levels of testosterone were significantly correlated to those of DHT and oestradiol, but not to those of the other steroids studied. On the other hand, cortisol levels were significantly correlated to those of pregnenolone, DHA, androstenedione and oestrone.

In the same subjects, the levels of pregnenolone, DHA, androstenedione, testosterone and DHT in seminal plasma were also estimated; they were all significantly correlated to the levels of the corresponding steroid in the systemic blood withdrawn both before and after masturbation. Psychosom Med May-Jun;61 3: The present study investigated the cardiovascular, genital, and endocrine changes in women after masturbation-induced orgasm.

Subjects also participated in a control session, in which participants watched a documentary film for 60 minutes. After subjects had watched the pornographic film for 10 minutes in the experimental session, they were asked to masturbate until orgasm.

Cardiovascular heart rate and blood pressure and genital vaginal pulse amplitude parameters were monitored continuously throughout testing. Furthermore, blood was drawn continuously for analysis of plasma concentrations of adrenaline, noradrenaline, cortisol, prolactin, luteinizing hormone LH , beta-endorphin, follicle-stimulating hormone FSH , testosterone, progesterone, and estradiol.

Orgasm induced elevations in cardiovascular parameters and levels of plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline. Plasma prolactin substantially increased after orgasm, remained elevated over the remainder of the session, and was still raised 60 minutes after sexual arousal. In addition, sexual arousal also produced small increases in plasma LH and testosterone concentrations. In contrast, plasma concentrations of cortisol, FSH, beta-endorphin, progesterone, and estradiol were unaffected by orgasm.

Sexual arousal and orgasm produce a distinct pattern of neuroendocrine alterations in women, primarily inducing a long-lasting elevation in plasma prolactin concentrations. These results concur with those observed in men, suggesting that prolactin is an endocrine marker of sexual arousal and orgasm. Steroids are a very large class of compounds which occur in all animals.

The steroids used by athletes are mostly androgenic steroids: The steroids used to treat inflammatory disorders e. Testosterone in the male is produced mainly in the testis, a small amount being produced in the adrenal. It is synthesized from cholesterol. The regulation of its production may be simplified thus: LH acts on the Leydig cells in the testis, causing them to produce testosterone. FSH, together with testosterone act on the Sertoli cells in the testis to regulate the production and maturation of spermatozoa.

Testosterone in turn acts on the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary to suppress the production of GnRH, FSH and LH, producing a negative-feedback mechanism which keeps everything well-regulated. The small amount produced in the adrenal in both sexes is regulated by secretion of adrenal corticotrophic hormone ACTH , also secreted by the pituitary.

Testosterone, and its metabolites such as dihydrotestosterone, act in many parts of the body, producing the secondary sexual characteristics of the male: At puberty it produces acne, the growth spurt and the enlargement of the penis and testes as well as causing the fusion of the epiphyses through its conversion to estrogen , bringing growth in height to an end. It plays some role in maintaining the sexual organs in the adult, but only a low concentration is required for this.

The normal production of testosterone in the adult male is 4 to 9mg per day. The normal plasma concentration is Most is excreted in the urine as ketosteroids, but a small amount is converted to oestrogens. Various analogs of testosterone are used in medical treatment of testicular failure, hereditary angioedema, anemia, severe endometriosis and a few other conditions.

Testosterone itself is given by injection. Oral preparations such as methyltestosterone, fluoxymesterone, mesterolone and stanolone are sometimes used, but they cause substantially more liver damage than injectable or rectally administered preparations because they are absorbed from the gut and transported first to the liver like most things taken by mouth , where they reach quite high concentrations and are extensively metabolized before circulating to the rest of the body.

Many other analogs have been developed with more anabolic effect than testosterone. These include such famous names as stanozolol, nandrolone, ethyloestrenol and oxymetholone. They all have substantially the same effects as testosterone: They act on the hypothalamus and pituitary to suppress the production of GnRH, FSH and LH, causing a virtual cessation in the production of natural testosterone in the testes and also reducing or stopping the production of spermatozoa.

This effect does not always reverse when the artificial androgens are stopped. Cancers of the prostate are frequently dependent on testosterone hence their treatment by castration and they may progress very rapidly in the presence of high level of androgens.

A percentage of testosterone is converted to estrogen and some artificial androgens have some estrogen effect as well, causing enlargement of the breast tissue behind the nipple gynaecomastia. This is occasionally seen naturally in pubescent boys and a small percentage of the adult male population. This effect may be reduced by drugs which inhibit the binding of estrogen to its receptors: So are they safe?

The approval and use of any drug is a matter of deciding whether the therapeutic benefits from its use are worth the adverse effects.

No drug is safe; acetaminophen paracetamol causes some very nasty fatal poisonings, aspirin causes rare cases of devastating skin reactions. Problems occur with every pharmaceutical and it is usually dose dependent.

However, the concensus is that they save enough lives and alleviate enough problems to more than compensate for the bad effects. In therapeutic doses, steroids result in few side effects. Androgenic steroids have a fairly limited use in medicine.

They are effective in males with testicular failure and are occasionally used in osteoporosis and as an appetite stimulant in severely wasted patients. In the past they were also used to treat anemia, however, more effective treatements now exist for this disease.

In these cases the benefits clearly outweigh the risks for the patient. Using them for essentially cosmetic or frivolous reasons doesn't produce much of value to compensate for the risks associated with their abuse. Using drugs under medical supervision doesn't make the drugs any safer, it just gives a greater chance that the adverse effects may be picked up sooner, and it decreases the chances that an abusive quantity will be used.

James Mitchell with modifications by Rifle River http: First, there are many different anabolic steroids and based on how the body handles them, they have very different side effects. Some steroids have virtually no side effects and to lump all anabolic steroids into one category in terms of benefit or harm shows a lack of understanding with respect to their pharmacological action.

In therapeutic doses, mg deca-durabolin per week for example, very few side effects are observed. Unfortunately, most athletes will not restrict their use to therapeutic doses.

What happens when athletes take some of the harsher anabolic steroids in abusive dosages? Numerous side effects can result while on steroids including acne, increased sex drive, impotence, liver problems, aggression and psychological dependence. Other side effects, including gynecomastia bitch tits , high blood pressure, other cardiovascular diseases, baldness, stunted growth in adolescents, and enlargement of preexisting prostate tumors can persist even after steroid use has stopped.

Female steroid users, in addition to the problems listed above, can have virilizing masculinizing symptoms when using the harsher, androgenic compounds, including amenorrhea which is reversible , clitoral hypertrophy, deeper voice, excessive growth of body hair, loss of scalp hair and alterations in skin texture which frequently aren't reversible.

Not all of these conditions are caused by all anabolic steroids. Some of the harsher anabolic steroids will only cause these problems for a certain percentage of the users, above certain dosages.

Some of the milder anabolic steroids cause almost none of these side effects. Therefore, it is a mistake to state that all steroid users will come down with these side effects. Any such silly statements will be readily flamed on m. Most of the side effects of steroid use result from the conversion of testosterone to estrogen or dihydrotestosterone.

Some anabolic steroids do not undergo this conversion. These steroids will have fewer side effects. This demonstrates a lack of understanding with respect to the side effects of anabolic steroids. This person should do more reading on the subject before proceeding because deca undergoes very little aromatization to estrogen, making the chances of gyno quite small, especially at such a low dose.

Testosterone will convert to estrogen readily. However, gyno and many of the side effects of testosterone, don't show up at such low doses. Those interested in this should read the July 4. For more information on specific steroids, their effects and side effects, such books as the World Anabolic Review or the Anabolic Reference Guide should be consulted.

No, anecdotal information is inadequate for drawing conclusions see question on scientific research. In addition, Lyle died of a rare form of brain cancer that is only seen in patients with immunodeficiencies.

This does not indicate that Lyle was HIV positive. There are many causes of immunodeficiencies. However, no other steroid user, who is immunocompetent, has died from this same form of brain cancer, casting doubt on the hypothesis that Lyle's steroid use caused his cancer or his death. If you are under the age of 20 you shouldn't even consider the possibility. Teenagers are already experiencing an anabolic spurt and the risks far outweigh the benefit. Many anabolic steroids have the potential to stunt your growth, so that is something every teenager should consider if they have any expectation of becoming a professional athlete where short people have a much lower probability of success.

If you live in the US, Canada or other countries where steroids are strictly regulated, you should consider the consequences of breaking the law. If you have only been lifting weights for a few years, you should consider that inexperienced weightlifters rarely show benefits from the use of steroids.

If you think that you will only use the milder anabolic steroids, you should consider that just about everyone who uses the more dangerous steroids started out that way. Cycles of deca and primo turn into cycles of anadrol and testosterone. These compounds can be psychologically addictive, and the desire for more is a dangerous game.

If you think that you are capable of self-administering these compounds, you should consider how much you really know about human physiology and pharmacology. What would you do if you hit a nerve with your needle? What would you do if you get an abscess or infection? How would you know if your liver or kidneys were suffering? Is there a doctor around who can run blood tests to monitor your health?

If you think that you can handle these drugs, you should really think about what it will mean to come off cycle. How will you taper or ween yourself off? The desire to stay on these compounds can be overwhelming. I know guys who go on and never come off. The potential for damage from this practice is astounding. If you think that you want to start a cycle, you should consider what exactly is your goal. At age 25 you may want to look better, but at age 35 or later you'll begin to become concerned about your health.

Is the risk of problems, such as cardiovascular disease, which take some time to develop worth the risk, when your looks can improve dramatically through weightlifting without anabolic steroids?

If you think you're ready, you should consider that many guys use steroids and make very few muscle gains because the potential for using them incorrectly is enormous. These people are increasing their chance of suffering the side effects and they aren't even achieving the main effect putative benefit because they don't know how to use them properly, workout properly and eat properly.

The potential errors that can be made are extensive. Once you have thought about all this and have extensive knowledge in this area wait another year before beginning. This will allow you plenty of time for more thought and it will demonstrate your dedication to the iron. Decisions of this magnitude should not be made quickly.

As I always tell a pushy salesman, "if I have to decide today, the answer is no. Self-administered steroids are rarely ever safe. In addition, black market steroids can contain virtually any substance - it's like playing Russian roulette. And, if you don't know which ones are safer than others, this indicates you don't have enough information to begin a steroid cycle.

You must be well-educated in this area before you begin. Otherwise, it will be very easy to make mistakes. Always consult your physician before adding any drug to your system. Make sure that your physician monitors you while you are on that drug. Injectable steroids are far easier on the liver in general than oral preparations. Of course, sterile technique and clean new needles and syringes should be used for injection. Any injection carries the potential risk of bacterial infection. Fake steroids often result in infection because the products are often made in a non-sterile environment.

It is also possible to cause an embolism from inadvertent intravenous injection. In addition, it is possible to impale the sciatic nerve during a gluteal injection which can be extremely painful. Some of the milder anabolic steroids include deca-durabolin, equipoise, primobolan and oxandrolone. Some of the harsher anabolic steroids that result in more harmful effects include testosterone esters, anadrol and dianabol. The question these users have to address is how much risk are they willing to take?

Obviously, the higher the dosage, the greater the risk they're tkaing. In addition, these users often decrease their risk of harmful effects by using a higher percentage of the milder anabolic steroids listed above.

Those users who choose to take a greater risk will use a higher percentage of the harsher steroids listed above.

If all of that mg is test, the risk of harmful effects is much greater than if these guys used mg test in conjunction with mg of deca which is a safer anabolic steroid. What dosage a user chooses is completely up to that individual and the risk they're willing to take.

However, they should recognize the risks associated with various dosage levels. Of course, Dan Duchaine once said "you give a guy 2 grams of anything a week and he's going to grow. For those who would like to understand more about steroids they should read the following books: If you are looking to use steroids for athletic or aesthetic purposes, doctors can not, and will not, prescribe them for you in the United States, Canada and several other countries.

They could be law enforcement looking to make a bust, or they will simply take your money - they won't even waste time with a fake product. People often obtain the drugs in countries where the regulations are not as strict while visiting or through mail order. Others obtain them from veterinary supply houses. Or they are obtained from that really big guy in the gym. Make sure that the substance in question doesn't have a picture in the World Anabolic Review or the Anabolic Reference Guide.

No serious steroid user should be without at least one of these manuals. They provide pictures of various real and fake steroids. If a picture of your steroid is in this book, people will be frustrated with the question. In addition, these books give several guidelines for determining if it's real. If it is not in this book, you may ask the group.

However, it is very difficult to answer these types of questions without actually seeing the product and usually people will only answer with the standard guidelines. Do not use anabolics that aromatize or suppress endogenous testosterone for a taper. Any substance that suppresses endogenous test production will be very harsh for coming off cycle.

A proper taper can help avoid psychological addiction. Substances like deca-durabolin, equipoise, laurabolin, primobolan and proviron are commonly used for tapering. The two best compounds for tapering are probably primobolan and proviron. Here is one way that people taper: After all testosterones, dbols, anadrols and other harsh androgens clear out their system, usually three or four weeks is sufficient - shorter time periods are fine if the substance has a shorter half-life, begin HCG for one or two weeks.

They then follow the HCG with clomid never the reverse for one or two weeks. The next week they begin use of primobolan which doesn't suppress the axis. After a couple weeks they drop the primo and use clenbuterol for two weeks. Throughout the duration of the taper, proviron is sometimes used because it is an anti-aromatase, an androgen, and it doesn't suppress the axis.

No, it is very dangerous. When you decide to use small quantities of steroids between cycles, you must recognize that you are not between cycles. You have gone on steroids permanently. This is a very drastic move and one that should not be contemplated lightly. Many pro bodybuilders go on and stay on. Consider the serious health ramifications of this decision.

But, you say, you'll only do 50 or mg of deca a week to bridge. This is a mistake and a waste of juice and androgen receptors. This won't have too many harmful effects associated, but this will prevent androgen receptors from ever returning to normal levels. So, when a person decides to go back "on-cycle", they get few benefits from the higher dose steroids because their receptors are still down-graded.

Experts say that many people in the U. Adults who consume less than the recommended amount of magnesium are more likely to have elevated inflammation markers. Inflammation , in turn, has been associated with major health conditions such as heart disease , diabetes , and certain cancers. Also, low magnesium appears to be a risk factor for osteoporosis.

There's some evidence that eating foods high in magnesium and other minerals can help prevent high blood pressure in people with prehypertension. Intravenous or injected magnesium is used to treat other conditions, such as eclampsia during pregnancy and severe asthma attacks.

Magnesium is also the main ingredient in many antacids and laxatives. Health care providers sometimes suggest that people with these conditions take magnesium supplements.

Proton pump inhibitors PPIs a common type of medicine used to treat acid reflux , have also been tied to low magnesium levels.

If you take any of these medicines on a long-term basis, your health care provider may check your magnesium level with a blood test. The recommended dietary allowance RDA includes the magnesium you get from both the food you eat and any supplements you take. Most people get more than enough magnesium from foods and do not need to take magnesium supplements.

Excessive use of magnesium supplements can be toxic. In addition to what you get from food, the highest dose you should take of magnesium supplements is:. These doses are the highest somebody should add to his or her diet. Many people ingest significant quantities of magnesium through the foods they eat. It's safe to get high levels of magnesium naturally from food, but adding large amounts of supplements to your diet can prove dangerous.

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