What Causes Insulin Resistance?

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100 Fascinating Facts About the Marathon
The most dangerous part of the race in terms of falling ill is usually the last 3 miles. When running a marathon, the immune system and muscles take up the most stress. Runners have enough glycogen in their bodies to fuel To see any graphs, charts, graphics, images, and quotes to which Dr. Sports Nutrition Presentation for Student Athletes PowerPoint with Quiz Format This image presentation is perfect for a minute talk for high school and college students.

Low Carb Diets Found to Feed Heart Disease

It would take scientists nearly seven decades to unravel this mystery, but it would end up holding the key to our current understanding of the cause of type 2 diabetes. It circulates as blood glucose—blood sugar—and is taken up by our muscles, to be stored and burned for energy.

Blood sugar, though, is like a vampire. It needs an invitation to come into our cells. And, that invitation is insulin. So, insulin is the key that unlocks the door into our muscle cells. What if there was no insulin, though? Well, blood sugar would be stuck out in the bloodstream, banging on the door to our muscles, and not able to get inside. And so, with nowhere to go, sugar levels would rise and rise. This is called insulin resistance. Our muscle cells become resistant to the effect of insulin.

Fat in the bloodstream can build up inside the muscle cells, create toxic fatty breakdown products and free radicals that can block the signaling pathway process.

And, this can happen within just three hours. One hit of fat can start causing insulin resistance, inhibiting glucose uptake after just minutes. Same thing happens to adolescents. You infuse fat into their bloodstream. Then, you can do the opposite experiment. Clear the fat out of the blood, and you can clear the sugar out of the blood.

So, that explains this finding. Our bodies are insulin-resistant. But, as the amount of fat in our diet gets lower and lower, insulin works better and better.

The toughest mountainous marathon in the world is the Jungfrau Marathon in Switzerland where runners have to climb close to 6, feet. One in , will experience a sudden cardiac arrest during a marathon. In a study published by the New England Journal of Medicine, of the The New York marathon had 50, starters, the largest in history.

Patrick Finney who was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in was unable to walk in but through willpower, therapy, and medications he retrained himself to run again. A few years later, he became the first person with the said disease to finish 50 marathons in all 50 states. The first ever winner of the Boston Marathon was John McDermott who finished in 2 hours, 55 minutes and 10 seconds —almost 7 minutes faster than the guy in second place. Only one person has ever defended their title in the Boston Marathon more than once, Clarence DeMar, who won the annual event 5 times.

John Kelley ran the Boston Marathon more than anyone else. He started 61 times, finished 58 times and even won twice. In , Rosie Ruiz who was awarded the winner in her division in the Boston Marathon was stripped of her medal after witnesses who saw her watching the race came forward. No evidence could be found to suggest she actually joined the race. With a typical marathon training period of 22 weeks, a recreational runner will have run a little over miles before getting to the start line.

An elite runner, on the other hand, prepares for a marathon logging an average of miles per week. The total distance of a marathon is Ethiopian runner, Abebe Bikila, was a two-time Olympic marathon champion while running barefoot. The most common injuries experienced by runners preparing for a marathon are: The London Marathon is also known to break or establish world records recognized by the Guinness Book of Records and in , they set 45 new records in the fancy dress or costume categories.

According to the American Council of Sports Medicine, runners should drink early and at regular intervals to replace all water lost through sweating. The Loyola University did some research and found that The biggest marathon events are: In the Olympics, Haitian runner Dieudonne Lamothe became the final finisher 78 th. Human beings are the best long-distance runners on Earth, beating horses and cheetahs. Sir Ranulph Fiennes ran 7 marathons in 7 days on 7 continents. He did that after a heart attack and bypass surgery.

In , Boston Marathon officials had to chase down a female runner who got into the race after being mistaken for a man. Japanese monks run a marathon each day for a hundred days for 7 consecutive years or commit suicide. The Barkley Marathons technically not a marathon is maybe the toughest running race in the world. Very few have ever crossed the finish line.

Marathon runners are likely to be average or below average height, while sprinters are likely to be tall. Violet Percy was the first woman to set a marathon world record in with a time of 3: At first I bet he was disappointed, but surely soon realized he had an unparalleled research opportunity dropped into his lap.

Here he had extensive imaging of ten people before and after following a low carb diet and 16 following a high carb diet. What would their hearts look like at the end of the year? We can talk about risk factors all we want, but compared to the veg group, did the coronary heart disease of the patients following the Atkins-like diets improve, worsen, or stay the same? Those sticking to the vegetarian diet showed a reversal of their heart disease as expected.

Their partially clogged arteries literally got cleaned out. What happened to those who abandoned the treatment diet, and switched over to the low-carb diet? Their condition significantly worsened. In heart scans of the patients, as seen in my video, Low Carb Diets and Coronary Blood Flow , the yellow and particularly red areas represent blood flow through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle.