Gastrointestinal tract

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My Stomach Feels Like Burning: Causes & Treatments
Another feature not found in the human but found in a range of other animals is the crop. The second most important aspect of management is to determine whether a patient with a precancerous or cancerous pancreatic cyst is a suitable surgical candidate. Those with gastroparesis caused by diabetes will especially benefit from this due to the low carbohydrates. Dorsal view of the surface of the lower bill of a Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo. Any other ideas, he is only 8 years old, please help. The large intestine hosts several kinds of bacteria that can deal with molecules that the human body cannot otherwise break down. Development of the digestive system.

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What is the pancreas? The pancreas is an organ approximately six inches long that is located in the abdomen behind the stomach and in front of the spine and aorta. The pancreas is divided into three regions: The head of the pancreas is located on the right side of the abdomen adjacent to the duodenum. The tail is on the left side of the abdomen, and the body lies between the head and the tail. There are two functional parts to the pancreas, referred to as the exocrine and endocrine parts.

The majority of the cells of the pancreas produce digestive juices which contain the enzymes necessary for digesting food in the intestine. The enzymes are secreted into smaller collecting ducts within the pancreas side branches. The side branches empty into a larger duct, the main pancreatic duct, which empties into the intestine through the papilla of Vater in the duodenum. During passage through the ducts, bicarbonate is added to the digestive enzymes to make the pancreatic secretion alkaline.

The cells and ducts producing the digestive juices comprise the exocrine part of the pancreas. Just before the main pancreatic duct enters the duodenum, it usually merges with the common bile duct that collects bile a fluid that helps to digest fat produced by the liver. The common bile duct usually joins the pancreatic duct in the head of the pancreas. The union of these two ducts forms the ampulla of Vater which drains both the bile and pancreatic fluid into the duodenum through the papilla of Vater.

Buried within the tissue of the pancreas, primarily in the head, are small collections of cells, termed the Islets of Langerhans. The cells of the Islets produce several hormones, for example, insulin , glucagon, and somatostatin; that are released into the blood the islets do not connect with the pancreatic ducts and travel in the blood to other parts of the body.

These hormones have effects throughout the body, for example, insulin, which helps to regulate blood sugar levels. The hormone-secreting portion of the pancreas - the Islets - is the endocrine part of the pancreas. What are pancreatic cysts? Pancreatic cysts are collections pools of fluid that can form within the head, body, and tail of the pancreas.

Some pancreatic cysts are true cysts non-inflammatory cysts , that is, they are lined by a special layer of cells that are responsible for secreting fluid into the cysts. Other cysts are pseudocysts inflammatory cysts and do not contain specialized lining cells.

Often these pseudocysts contain pancreatic digestive juices because they are connected to the pancreatic ducts. Pancreatic cysts can range in size from several millimeters to several centimeters. Many pancreatic cysts are small and benign and produce no symptoms, but some cysts become large and cause symptoms, and others are cancerous or precancerous. Precancerous cysts are benign cysts that have the potential to become cancerous.

Different types of cysts contain different types of fluids. For example, pseudocysts that form after an attack of acute pancreatitis contain digestive enzymes, such as amylase, in high concentrations. Mucinous cysts contain mucus a proteinaceous liquid produced by the mucinous cells that form the inside lining of the cyst. What are the symptoms of pancreatic cysts? What are the causes of pancreatic cysts? There are two major types of pancreatic cysts; pseudocysts inflammatory cysts and true cysts non-inflammatory cysts.

Inflammatory cysts are benign, whereas non-inflammatory cysts can be benign, precancerous, or cancerous. Most of the inflammatory cysts of the pancreas are pancreatic pseudocysts. Pseudocysts of the pancreas result from pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas.

The common causes of pancreatitis include alcoholism , gallstones , trauma , and surgery. The fluid inside the pseudocysts represents liquefied dead pancreatic tissue, cells of inflammation, and a high concentration of digestive enzymes that are present in pancreatic exocrine secretions.

Most pseudocysts have connections with the pancreatic ducts. Most pseudocysts caused by acute pancreatitis resolve spontaneously without treatment within several weeks. Pseudocysts that need treatment are those that persist beyond six weeks and are causing symptoms such as pain, obstruction of the stomach or duodenum, or have become infected.

How are pancreatic cysts diagnosed? Since the majority of pancreatic cysts are small and produce no symptoms, they often are discovered incidentally when abdominal scans ultrasound [US], computerized tomography or CT, magnetic resonance imaging or MRI are performed to investigate unrelated symptoms.

Unfortunately, ultrasound, CT, and MRI cannot reliably distinguish benign cysts cysts that usually need no treatment from precancerous and cancerous cysts cysts that usually require surgical removal. Endoscopic ultrasound EUS is becoming increasingly useful in determining whether a pancreatic cyst is likely to be benign, precancerous, or cancerous.

From this location, which is very close to the pancreas, liver, and gallbladder, accurate and detailed images can be obtained of the liver, pancreas and the gallbladder. During endoscopic ultrasound, fluid from cysts and samples of tissue also can be obtained by passing special needles through the endoscope and into the cysts. The process of obtaining tissue or fluid with a thin needle is called fine needle aspiration FNA. The fluid obtained by FNA can be analyzed for cancerous cells cytology , amylase content, and for tumor markers.

Tumor markers, such as CEA carcinoembryonic antigen , are proteins produced in large quantities by cancer cells.

For example, pancreatic pseudocyst fluid will typically have high amylase levels but low CEA levels. A benign serous cyst adenoma will have low amylase and low CEA levels, whereas a precancerous or cancerous mucinous cyst adenoma will have low amylase levels but high CEA levels.

Most recently, DNA from cells that are aspirated from the cyst has been analyzed for changes suggestive of cancer. The risks of endoscopic ultrasound and fine needle aspiration are small and consist of a very small incidence of bleeding and infection. Occasionally, it is difficult even with the diagnostic tools of endoscopic ultrasound and fine needle aspiration to determine if a pancreatic cyst is cancerous or precancerous. If the answer is not clear, sometimes repeated endoscopic ultrasound and aspiration are done if the suspicion for cancer or precancer is high.

In other cases, the cyst is reexamined by CT, MRI, or even endoscopic ultrasound after a few months to detect changes that more strongly suggest that cancer has developed. In still others, surgery is recommended. What is the treatment for pancreatic cysts? The most important aspect of management of pancreatic cysts is the determination of whether a cyst is benign and usually needs no treatment or if it is precancerous or cancerous and must be removed.

The second most important aspect of management is to determine whether a patient with a precancerous or cancerous pancreatic cyst is a suitable surgical candidate. In medical centers experienced in performing pancreatic surgery, surgical removal of precancerous or cancerous cysts results in a high rate of cure. Very small cysts can be followed to detect an increase in size that may indicate cancer or an increased risk of developing cancer.

Management decisions must be individualized for each patient after discussions with a doctor familiar with the patient's health status. The following are examples of how a doctor might manage pancreatic cysts.

Were you diagnosed with an inflammatory or non-inflammatory pancreatic cyst? Please share your experience. Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food poisoning, GERD, IBS irritable bowel syndrome , ovarian cysts, abdominal adhesions, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, gallbladder disease, liver disease, and cancers.

Signs and symptoms of the more serious causes include dehydration, bloody or black tarry stools, severe abdominal pain, pain with no urination or painful urination.

Pancreatitis is a rare disease in which the pancreas becomes inflamed. There are two types of pancreatitis: Symptoms of pancreatitis include abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and a rapid pulse.

Treatment of pancreatitis often requires hospitalization. Low stomach acid has been associated with gastroparesis. This is because people with low stomach acid tend to also have low pepsin levels. Betaine should be taken right before a meal. Before your body can absorb nutrition from food, it must be broken down.

This is where digestive enzymes come into play. Individuals can benefit greatly by consuming digestive enzymes prior to a meal. Humans have trillions of bacteria within the lining of their gut and they have a tremendous role in our health. Probiotic supplementation is a must for sufferers of gastroparesis. Probiotics are a live organism and as such you will need to select one that is shelf-stable.

Aloe Vera juice soothes the digestive system, feeds intestinal flora, and promotes regularity. Ginger is a powerful digestion-enhancing herb and has been scientifically proven to promote gastric emptying and motility.

Ideally, ginger should be consumed with every meal. You can take advantage of ginger benefits by cooking food that contains ginger or sipping ginger tea after meals.

Peppermint has shown to accelerate gastric emptying and, in addition, is very soothing for stomach cramps and nausea.

Peppermint should be consumed with meals and throughout the day as needed. Fennel has a myriad of health benefits for digestion related ailments. It helps promote gastric emptying and relieves nausea and bloating. Fennel should be taken with meals and throughout the day as needed. Commonly regarded as a nuisance, this weed actually offers amazing health benefits. It helps to stimulate your digestive juices, promoting motility and relief for stomach issues. I highly recommend incorporating dandelion into your daily regimen.

This ancient herb helps relax tension which in turn can aid digestion. This herb should be kept on hand at all times. Triphala is an Ayurvedic herb that works very well for gastric disorders. Furthermore, in another study, triphala actually performed better than Reglan for gastric emptying. A proper diet is critical to healing gastroparesis and must not be skipped. It is based on the principal that we have not adapted to consumption of wheat and grain. We started consuming wheat only about 10, years ago.

On the other hand, a hunter-gatherer diet lasted about 2 millions years. The primary focus of paleo is meat, fruit, vegetables, and some nuts. Wheat and grain should not be consumed at all. Raw dairy can be consumed. I would recommend avoiding ultra pasteurized dairy products as they contain no nutrition and can be rough on digestion. The macronutrient consumption in paleo follows as such: Depending on the severity of your illness, you may need to modify this to low fat, low protein, and low carb.

You can work on slowly increasing your fat and protein consumption. There is a significant amount of testimonials from people who have treated gastroparesis with a paleo diet and I strongly encourage you not to overlook this.

Those with gastroparesis caused by diabetes will especially benefit from this due to the low carbohydrates. However, I wanted to touch base on gluten a bit further. Frankly, I believe gluten is a potent neurotoxin and that it can punch holes through your gut lining.

Gluten, as it sounds, is essentially a glue-like protein found in wheat. It sounds hard to digest already. I feel that no one should be consuming gluten, especially if you have GP. Gluten is really just one of many issues with wheat. Wheat and grain contain many anti-nutrients that impede digestion and absorption of nutrients. They also tend to be higher in omega 6 inflammatory fats. Furthermore, wheat and grain lack any sort of significant nutrients.

I encourage you to check out the required amount of vitamins and minerals you need on a daily basis. Those with gastroparesis have an even harder time getting sufficient nutrition. There is simply no room on your plate for nutrition-less grain. Smaller Meals, Fasting, and You. The concept of eating three meals a day is absurd and has no basis in science whatsoever. We are the only creatures on earth that follow a breakfast, lunch, and dinner schedule.

Did you know that it takes up to 8 hours to completely digest food? This limits your bodies healing capabilities significantly. Your body will repair itself and heal.

The immune system is strengthened and your nervous system is stimulated. This is very important considering the damaged vagus nerve may be the cause of this disorder. Our ancestors did not follow a strict eating schedule, nor do animals in the wild. It is common for them to have large meals followed by long gaps of no food.

Fasting is an evolutionary trait we gained from our ancestors and it is something everyone should be using. Fasting is not starving yourself.

You still eat the same amount of calories and nutrients, but you do it in a shorter time frame. With that being said, fasting is not for everyone. You should not be drinking liquid before, during, or after a meal. Drinking liquid will dilute the stomach acid you have and impact digestion. The exception to this would be acid-like drinks including kombucha, vinegar, kefir, etc. Digestion is impacted if you sit or lay down after consuming a meal. You should aim to move around and go for a walk after eating.

This requires little explanation. Juicing is one of the most powerful options you have when it comes to GP. Juicing involves running fruits and vegetables through a machine that strips all the fiber out, leaving you a glass of juice. In this manner, it is very easy to drink pounds of vegetables. A pound of carrots is only 8 ounces of juice. The benefits of this are multiple. It allows you to receive extremely high amounts of nutrition without dealing with fiber.

Fresh, raw juice is easy to digest and tastes great. You can easily consume many pounds of vegetables. This is critical as malnutrition is common in this disorder.

A high-quality juicer like this one is one of the best investments you can make for your health. Diabetes is one cause of gastroparesis. Blood sugar should be stabilized through smart food choices. A paleo diet, mentioned above, has a low impact on blood sugar. Digestion starts in your mouth. Saliva contains powerful enzymes that break down food before it lands into your stomach. Not chewing your food properly places more work on your stomach.

Make sure your food is thoroughly broken down in your mouth before swallowing. Relax, and try to enjoy your food. Bone broth is made by simmering animal bones for 24 to 48 hours. You can add spices and vegetables to improve flavor. Bone broth contains many beneficial amino acids, collagen, and gelatin, which helps soothe the gut. Many gut healing diets consider bone broth a staple of the diet. You can learn how to make bone broth here. You should consume 1 to 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with every meal.

Vinegar contains beneficial enzymes and acids that aid your digestion. It is important to choose raw unfiltered organic vinegar. Kombucha is a fermented tea beverage that contains numerous beneficial acids, enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and probiotics. You can find it bottled in stores, but it gets expensive buying it. I would recommend learning how to make it yourself.

Kefir is another fermented beverage, similar to kombucha. There are two types of kefir; milk and water. Simply, water kefir uses water and milk kefir uses milk.

I would say milk kefir contains the most probiotics, typically reaching trillions per quart. Diaphragmatic breathing is a deep breathing exercise that involves contracting a muscle known as your diaphragm. It requires practice to learn, but there are many benefits to this type of breathing. In general, abdominal breathing is considered a healthier way to breath. This type of breathing will actually stimulate your vagus nerve, making it another critical part of natural remedies for treating gastroparesis.

Yoga is an ancient discipline that involves mind, body, and spirit. Acupuncture is an ancient form of medicine that involves inserting thin needles at key points in your body. The needles are tiny, about the size of a strand of hair, and they barely break the surface of your skin. Many people actually fall asleep during the process because it is so relaxing. The positive results of acupuncture are grounded in science and, in fact, there are studies of acupuncture on GP.

In another study, 80 people were split into three groups. The group that received acupuncture had a much higher successful treatment rate. You can find acupuncturists near you by using this search tool. Stress absolutely destroys your body inside. It affects every single organ within your body. Stress can actually shut down your digestive system.

Blood flow to your stomach is reduced and stomach contractions used to move food are restricted. Bile secretions needed for digestion are also reduced. This completely counters your efforts for treatment. I understand we live in a stressful world. Live in the present and learn to appreciate what you have. The future is bright — you are in control of it. Tying into our earlier point of stress, meditation is a powerful way to promote healing. There are over 3, studies on meditation that show its positive effects on health.

Meditation is frankly one of the most powerful remedies I have learned in my entire life. Having the ability to effortlessly empty my mind and focus on a single subject is amazing. One method that I enjoy is choosing a neutral object to focus on like a pen or flower. Empty your mind and focus only on that object. You can also close your eye and visualize a mental image of it.

You may notice within seconds that other thoughts flood into your mind. You need to feed your dog. You have homework due soon. Continue this exercise; every time excess thoughts come in, empty and repeat.

It becomes easy to sit down and read a book, or perform daily activities without worries and stress. Meditation has more benefits than I could possibly list. The reduction in stress will assist in your digestion. In addition, there is improved blood flow which allows your body to carry vital nutrients for healing. Every living creature on earth depends on a specific electromagnetic frequency to survive.

Things like electronics oscillate at a different, unnatural frequency. This can dislodge our natural rhythm and is actually harmful. This is more in tune with nature and offers a grounding experience.

Since delayed gastric emptying may be caused by damaged vagus nerve, this is extremely important to incorporate into your healing protocol. Your body performs repairs while asleep and as such a deep sleep is required for treatment. Supplements, as the name suggests, are used to supplement an already healthy lifestyle. While it is certainly possible to cure a condition with a single herb, it is more ideal to take a holistic approach and combine multiple solutions.

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