Measuring and testing

The problems with calorie counting


To determine your carbohydrate intake For carbohydrate-dense foods — like grains, starches, or fruits — use a cupped hand to determine your serving size. These pages give information on and images of old Tek scopes up to about The ordinary semiconductor diode may be used as a temperature sensor because a forward biased voltage across a silicon diode has a temperature coefficient of about 2. When you use your ohmmeter to measure the resistance of a wire you touch one meter lead to each end of the wire and you get a resistance measurment. All you need is the ability to count to two. We'll show you Care Plan options and pricing at checkout if applicable, or go to www.

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For example, in one case an artist used a copyrighted photograph without permission as the basis for wood sculptures, copying all elements of the photo. The artist earned several hundred thousand dollars selling the sculptures.

When the photographer sued, the artist claimed his sculptures were a fair use because the photographer would never have considered making sculptures.

The court disagreed, stating that it did not matter whether the photographer had considered making sculptures; what mattered was that a potential market for sculptures of the photograph existed. Koons , F. Again, parody is given a slightly different fair use analysis with regard to the impact on the market. That is, the parody may be so good that the public can never take the original work seriously again. Dees , F. When you review fair use cases, you may find that they sometimes contradict one another or conflict with the rules expressed in this chapter.

Despite the fact that the Supreme Court has indicated that offensiveness is not a fair use factor, you should be aware that a morally offended judge or jury may rationalize its decision against fair use.

The parody card series was entitled the Garbage Pail Kids and used gruesome and grotesque names and characters to poke fun at the wholesome Cabbage Patch image. Some copyright experts were surprised when a federal court considered the parody an infringement, not a fair use. Original Appalachian Artworks, Inc. Topps Chewing Gum, Inc. The four factors judges consider are: The Purpose and Character of Your Use In a case, the Supreme Court emphasized this first factor as being an important indicator of fair use.

When taking portions of copyrighted work, ask yourself the following questions: Has the material you have taken from the original work been transformed by adding new expression or meaning? Was value added to the original by creating new information, new aesthetics, new insights, and understandings?

The Nature of the Copyrighted Work Because the dissemination of facts or information benefits the public, you have more leeway to copy from factual works such as biographies than you do from fictional works such as plays or novels. The Amount and Substantiality of the Portion Taken The less you take, the more likely that your copying will be excused as a fair use.

The Effect of the Use Upon the Potential Market Another important fair use factor is whether your use deprives the copyright owner of income or undermines a new or potential market for the copyrighted work. Are You Good or Bad? So far so good, excellent!

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