Description of the lymphatic system
Return to top Lymph nodes: One of its main functions is to bring blood into contact with lymphocytes. The monocyte is formed in the bone marrow and transported by the blood; it migrates into the tissues, where it transforms into a histiocyte or a macrophage. It has the important role within the immune system of removing dangerous microbes, balancing fluids, and destroying old or damaged red blood cells. Kidney failure, also called renal failure and chronic kidney disease, can be a temporary often acute condition or can become a chronic condition resulting in the inability of the kidneys to filter waste from the blood. Privacy Terms Ad policy Careers.
Water Loves to Move!
As we know, water loves to move and to circulate! When it flows, water has a tendency to clean itself. When water stagnates, it gets impure. The LS is the same. Proper water intake determines the balance and health conditions of organs, systems and functions in the body because it is directly affecting the mighty lymph fluid. Daily water intake needs to compensate for the amount of water lost through the kidneys urination , skin perspiration , lungs breathing and intestines feces.
Otherwise dehydration sets in. Dehydration means that more water is moving out of the body than the amount of water we take in. The amount of water we need can be determined when we divide the body weight in pounds by two. The result would be the number of ounces of water you need daily. We are already dehydrated when we feel thirsty! Dehydration causes sluggish lymph.
So, we should drink water regularly throughout the day. Water is the source of life. Water intake is important to the health of the lymph fluid. A good habit is to sip water all day long. The information you find here is a reference work based on the author's educational, teaching and practical experience. The information contained herein is in no way to be considered as a substitute. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Edely Wallace and Lymphatic Yoga Expert with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
The main areas are the palatine tonsils on the sides of the oropharynx , the pharyngeal tonsils on the roof of the nasopharynx; also known as adenoids , and the lingual tonsils on the base of the posterior surface of the tongue.
Because these tonsils are so closely related to the oral and pharyngeal airways, they may interfere with breathing when they become enlarged. The predominance of lymphocytes and macrophages in these tonsillar tissues offers protection against harmful pathogens and substances that may enter through the oral cavity or airway. Diseases of the lymphatic system include lymphedema, lymphoma, lymphadenopathy, lymphadenitis, filariasis, splenomegaly, and tonsillitis.
Lymphedema results when the lymphatic system cannot adequately drain lymph, resulting in an accumulation of fluid that causes swelling.
It may be either primary or secondary. Primary lymphedema is an inherited condition that occurs as a result of impaired or missing lymphatic vessels; it may be present at birth, may develop with the onset of puberty, or may occur in adulthood, with no apparent causes.
Secondary lymphedema is basically acquired regional lymphatic insufficiency, which may occur as a consequence of any trauma, infection, or surgical procedure that disrupts the lymphatic vessels or results in the loss of lymph nodes [ 8 ]. Treatment consists of compression bandages or pneumatic stockings to alleviate the swelling after appropriate diagnosis is made. Lymphoma is a medical term used for a group of cancers that originate in the lymphatic system. Lymphomas usually begin with malignant transformation of the lymphocytes in lymph nodes or bunches of lymphatic tissue in organs like the stomach or intestines.
Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma are the 2 major categories of lymphoma, characterized by enlargement of lymph nodes, usually present in the neck. Symptoms of lymphoma include chronic fatigue, weak immune function, weight loss, and night sweats. Lymphadenopathy is a lymphatic disorder in which the lymph nodes become swollen or enlarged as a consequence of an infection. For example, swollen lymph nodes in the neck may occur as a result of a throat infection or sinus infection.
Lymphadenitis is an inflammation of the lymph node that is due to a bacterial infection of the tissue in the node, which causes swelling, reddening, and tenderness of the skin overlying the lymph node. Filariasis is a lymphatic system disorder that results from a parasitic infection that causes lymphatic insufficiency.
Splenomegaly , or enlarged spleen, is a lymphatic system disorder that develops as a result of a viral infection, such as mononucleosis. Tonsillitis is caused by an infection of the tonsils the lymphoid tissues present in the back of the oral cavity. The tonsils help filter out bacteria; when infected, they become swollen and inflamed, leading to sore throat, fever, and difficulty and pain while swallowing.
Alcamo E, Krumhardt B. Marieb E, Hoehn K. Diseases of the Lymphatic system- Diagnosis and Therapy. Saunders WH, Wakely P. Anatomy and physiology of the thoracic lymphatic system. Surgical prevention and treatment of lymphedema after lymph node dissection in patients with cutaneous melanoma. The unique biology of lymphatic edema.
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Overview The lymphatic system parallels the cardiovascular system see the images below. Lymph nodes and vessels, anterior view. Lymphatic system, anterior view.
Organs that contain lymphoid tissue eg, lymph nodes, spleen, and thymus. Organ Function Lymph Contains nutrients, oxygen, hormones, and fatty acids, as well as toxins and cellular waste products, that are transported to and from cellular tissues Lymphatic vessels Transport lymph from peripheral tissues to the veins of the cardiovascular system Lymph nodes Monitors the composition of lymph, the location of pathogen engulfment and eradication, the immunologic response, and the regulation site Spleen Monitors the composition of blood components, the location of pathogen engulfment and eradication, the immunologic response, and the regulation site Thymus Serves as the site of T-lymphocyte maturation, development, and control.
Restoration of excess interstitial fluid and proteins to the blood. Gross Anatomy Lymph Lymph is a fluid derived from blood plasma.
Lymph capillaries in spaces. Blind-ended lymphatic capillaries arise within interstitial spaces of cells near arterioles and venules. Lymph drainage flow; lymphatic duct anatomy. It contains T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes for immunologic response. Other Considerations Diseases of the lymphatic system include lymphedema, lymphoma, lymphadenopathy, lymphadenitis, filariasis, splenomegaly, and tonsillitis.
Anatomy of Lymphatic system. Key Components of Lymphatic System. What would you like to print? Print this section Print the entire contents of Print the entire contents of article. This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties. Control the Bleeding, Eliminate the Inhibitor. Recommended incivek-telaprevir Drugs. Need a Curbside Consult?